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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(6), 3525-3535; doi:10.3390/ijms12063525
Article

A Mitochondrial Membrane Exopolyphosphatase Is Modulated by, and Plays a Role in, the Energy Metabolism of Hard Tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus Embryos

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Received: 22 April 2011; in revised form: 14 May 2011 / Accepted: 19 May 2011 / Published: 3 June 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular System Bioenergetics 2011)
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Abstract: The physiological roles of polyphosphates (polyP) recently found in arthropod mitochondria remain obscure. Here, the relationship between the mitochondrial membrane exopolyphosphatase (PPX) and the energy metabolism of hard tick Rhipicephalus microplus embryos are investigated. Mitochondrial respiration was activated by adenosine diphosphate using polyP as the only source of inorganic phosphate (Pi) and this activation was much greater using polyP3 than polyP15. After mitochondrial subfractionation, most of the PPX activity was recovered in the membrane fraction and its kinetic analysis revealed that the affinity for polyP3 was 10 times stronger than that for polyP15. Membrane PPX activity was also increased in the presence of the respiratory substrate pyruvic acid and after addition of the protonophore carbonyl cyanide-p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone. Furthermore, these stimulatory effects disappeared upon addition of the cytochrome oxidase inhibitor potassium cyanide and the activity was completely inhibited by 20 µg/mL heparin. The activity was either increased or decreased by 50% upon addition of dithiothreitol or hydrogen peroxide, respectively, suggesting redox regulation. These results indicate a PPX activity that is regulated during mitochondrial respiration and that plays a role in adenosine-5’-triphosphate synthesis in hard tick embryos.
Keywords: inorganic polyphosphate; respiration; membrane exopolyphosphatase; arthropod; energy metabolism inorganic polyphosphate; respiration; membrane exopolyphosphatase; arthropod; energy metabolism
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Campos, E.; Façanha, A.R.; Costa, E.P.; Fraga, A.; Moraes, J.; Da Silva Vaz Jr., I.; Masuda, A.; Logullo, C. A Mitochondrial Membrane Exopolyphosphatase Is Modulated by, and Plays a Role in, the Energy Metabolism of Hard Tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus Embryos. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 3525-3535.

AMA Style

Campos E, Façanha AR, Costa EP, Fraga A, Moraes J, Da Silva Vaz Jr. I, Masuda A, Logullo C. A Mitochondrial Membrane Exopolyphosphatase Is Modulated by, and Plays a Role in, the Energy Metabolism of Hard Tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus Embryos. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(6):3525-3535.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Campos, Eldo; Façanha, Arnoldo R.; Costa, Evenilton P.; Fraga, Amanda; Moraes, Jorge; Da Silva Vaz Jr., Itabajara; Masuda, Aoi; Logullo, Carlos. 2011. "A Mitochondrial Membrane Exopolyphosphatase Is Modulated by, and Plays a Role in, the Energy Metabolism of Hard Tick Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus Embryos." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 6: 3525-3535.



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