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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(4), 2664-2677; doi:10.3390/ijms12042664

Genetic Variation in Safflower (Carthamus tinctorious L.) for Seed Quality-Related Traits and Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) Markers

1
Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman 76169133, Iran
2
Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, College of Agriculture, Isfahan University of Technology, Isfahan 8415683111, Iran
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 March 2011 / Revised: 6 April 2011 / Accepted: 6 April 2011 / Published: 19 April 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
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Abstract

Safflower (Carthamus tinctorious L.) is an oilseed crop that is valued as a source of high quality vegetable oil. The genetic diversity of 16 safflower genotypes originated from different geographical regions of Iran and some with exotic origin were evaluated. Eight different seed quality-related traits including fatty acid composition of seed oil (stearic acid, palmitic acid, oleic acid and linoleic acid), the contents of, oil, protein, fiber and ash in its seeds, as well as 20 inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) polymorphic primers were used in this study. Analysis of variance showed significant variation in genotypes for the seed quality-related traits. Based on ISSR markers, a total of 204 bands were amplified and 149 bands (about 70%) of these were polymorphic. Cluster analysis based on either biochemical or molecular markers classified the genotypes into four groups, showing some similarities between molecular and biochemical markers for evaluated genotypes. A logical similarity between the genotype clusters based on molecular data with their geographical origins was observed. View Full-Text
Keywords: genetic diversity; biochemical; fatty acids; marker; safflower genetic diversity; biochemical; fatty acids; marker; safflower
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Golkar, P.; Arzani, A.; Rezaei, A.M. Genetic Variation in Safflower (Carthamus tinctorious L.) for Seed Quality-Related Traits and Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat (ISSR) Markers. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 2664-2677.

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