Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(3), 1836-1853; doi:10.3390/ijms12031836
Article

Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-Economic Factors among Flemish Preschool Children

1email, 2email, 3email, 1,4email, 3email, 5email, 1email, 1,4email and 1,* email
Received: 3 January 2011; in revised form: 12 February 2011 / Accepted: 22 February 2011 / Published: 10 March 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Fibre: Biochemistry and Nutritional Science)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The objectives were to assess total dietary fiber intake, identify the major sources of dietary fiber, and examine its association with socio-economic factors among Flemish preschoolers. Three-day estimated dietary records were collected from a representative sample of preschoolers 2.5–6.5 years old (n = 661; 338 boys, 323 girls). The mean dietary fiber intake (13.4 g/d) was lower than the intake level recommended by the Belgian Superior Health Council (70% boys and 81% girls below the guidelines). The most important contributor was the group of bread and cereals (29.5%), followed by fruits (17.8%), potatoes and grains (16.0%), energy-dense, low-nutritious foods (12.4%), and vegetables (11.8%). Multiple linear regression analyses showed that total fiber intake was associated with maternal education and parents’ employment. Overall, fiber intakes from high-nutritious foods (vegetables and fruits) were higher in preschoolers of higher educated mothers and those with one or both parents being employed. In conclusion, the majority of the preschoolers had dietary fiber intakes below the recommended level. Hence, dietary fiber should be promoted among parents of preschoolers and low socio-economic status families should be addressed in particular.
Keywords: dietary fiber intake; preschool children; socio-economic status; Belgium
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [320 KB, Updated Version, uploaded 19 June 2014 03:40 CEST]
The original version is still available [316 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014 03:40 CEST]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, Y.; Bolca, S.; Vandevijvere, S.; Keyzer, W.D.; Oyen, H.V.; Camp, J.V.; Backer, G.D.; Henauw, S.D.; Huybrechts, I. Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-Economic Factors among Flemish Preschool Children. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 1836-1853.

AMA Style

Lin Y, Bolca S, Vandevijvere S, Keyzer WD, Oyen HV, Camp JV, Backer GD, Henauw SD, Huybrechts I. Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-Economic Factors among Flemish Preschool Children. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(3):1836-1853.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Lin, Yi; Bolca, Selin; Vandevijvere, Stefanie; Keyzer, Willem De; Oyen, Herman Van; Camp, John Van; Backer, Guy De; Henauw, Stefaan De; Huybrechts, Inge. 2011. "Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-Economic Factors among Flemish Preschool Children." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 3: 1836-1853.


Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert