Next Article in Journal
Separation and Purification of Sulforaphane from Broccoli by Solid Phase Extraction
Next Article in Special Issue
Detecting Molecular Features of Spectra Mainly Associated with Structural and Non-Structural Carbohydrates in Co-Products from BioEthanol Production Using DRIFT with Uni- and Multivariate Molecular Spectral Analyses
Previous Article in Journal
Combined 3D-QSAR, Molecular Docking and Molecular Dynamics Study on Derivatives of Peptide Epoxyketone and Tyropeptin-Boronic Acid as Inhibitors Against the β5 Subunit of Human 20S Proteasome
Previous Article in Special Issue
Immunomodulatory Activity of Dietary Fiber: Arabinoxylan and Mixed-Linked Beta-Glucan Isolated from Barley Show Modest Activities in Vitro
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(3), 1836-1853; doi:10.3390/ijms12031836
Article

Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-Economic Factors among Flemish Preschool Children

1
,
2
,
3
,
1,4
,
3
,
5
,
1
,
1,4
 and
1,*
Received: 3 January 2011 / Revised: 12 February 2011 / Accepted: 22 February 2011 / Published: 10 March 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Fibre: Biochemistry and Nutritional Science)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [320 KB, 19 June 2014; original version 19 June 2014]

Abstract

The objectives were to assess total dietary fiber intake, identify the major sources of dietary fiber, and examine its association with socio-economic factors among Flemish preschoolers. Three-day estimated dietary records were collected from a representative sample of preschoolers 2.5–6.5 years old (n = 661; 338 boys, 323 girls). The mean dietary fiber intake (13.4 g/d) was lower than the intake level recommended by the Belgian Superior Health Council (70% boys and 81% girls below the guidelines). The most important contributor was the group of bread and cereals (29.5%), followed by fruits (17.8%), potatoes and grains (16.0%), energy-dense, low-nutritious foods (12.4%), and vegetables (11.8%). Multiple linear regression analyses showed that total fiber intake was associated with maternal education and parents’ employment. Overall, fiber intakes from high-nutritious foods (vegetables and fruits) were higher in preschoolers of higher educated mothers and those with one or both parents being employed. In conclusion, the majority of the preschoolers had dietary fiber intakes below the recommended level. Hence, dietary fiber should be promoted among parents of preschoolers and low socio-economic status families should be addressed in particular.
Keywords: dietary fiber intake; preschool children; socio-economic status; Belgium dietary fiber intake; preschool children; socio-economic status; Belgium
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
EndNote
MDPI and ACS Style

Lin, Y.; Bolca, S.; Vandevijvere, S.; Keyzer, W.D.; Oyen, H.V.; Camp, J.V.; Backer, G.D.; Henauw, S.D.; Huybrechts, I. Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-Economic Factors among Flemish Preschool Children. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 1836-1853.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here

Comments

Cited By

[Return to top]
Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert