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Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-Economic Factors among Flemish Preschool Children
Unit Nutrition and Food Safety, Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent University, De Pintelaan 185, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
Laboratory for Bioinformatics and Computational Genomics (BIOBIX), Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
Unit of Epidemiology, Scientific Institute of Public Health, J. Wytsmanstraat 14, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Care Vesalius, University College Ghent, Keramiekstraat 80, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
Department of Food Safety and Food Quality, Ghent University, Coupure Links 653, B-9000 Ghent, Belgium
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 January 2011; in revised form: 12 February 2011 / Accepted: 22 February 2011 / Published: 10 March 2011
Abstract: The objectives were to assess total dietary fiber intake, identify the major sources of dietary fiber, and examine its association with socio-economic factors among Flemish preschoolers. Three-day estimated dietary records were collected from a representative sample of preschoolers 2.5–6.5 years old (n = 661; 338 boys, 323 girls). The mean dietary fiber intake (13.4 g/d) was lower than the intake level recommended by the Belgian Superior Health Council (70% boys and 81% girls below the guidelines). The most important contributor was the group of bread and cereals (29.5%), followed by fruits (17.8%), potatoes and grains (16.0%), energy-dense, low-nutritious foods (12.4%), and vegetables (11.8%). Multiple linear regression analyses showed that total fiber intake was associated with maternal education and parents’ employment. Overall, fiber intakes from high-nutritious foods (vegetables and fruits) were higher in preschoolers of higher educated mothers and those with one or both parents being employed. In conclusion, the majority of the preschoolers had dietary fiber intakes below the recommended level. Hence, dietary fiber should be promoted among parents of preschoolers and low socio-economic status families should be addressed in particular.
Keywords: dietary fiber intake; preschool children; socio-economic status; Belgium
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Lin, Y.; Bolca, S.; Vandevijvere, S.; Keyzer, W.D.; Oyen, H.V.; Camp, J.V.; Backer, G.D.; Henauw, S.D.; Huybrechts, I. Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-Economic Factors among Flemish Preschool Children. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 1836-1853.
Lin Y, Bolca S, Vandevijvere S, Keyzer WD, Oyen HV, Camp JV, Backer GD, Henauw SD, Huybrechts I. Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-Economic Factors among Flemish Preschool Children. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(3):1836-1853.
Lin, Yi; Bolca, Selin; Vandevijvere, Stefanie; Keyzer, Willem De; Oyen, Herman Van; Camp, John Van; Backer, Guy De; Henauw, Stefaan De; Huybrechts, Inge. 2011. "Dietary Sources of Fiber Intake and Its Association with Socio-Economic Factors among Flemish Preschool Children." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 3: 1836-1853.