Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(2), 1410-1430; doi:10.3390/ijms12021410
Article

Anchoring Intrinsically Disordered Proteins to Multiple Targets: Lessons from N-Terminus of the p53 Protein

1,2,3 and 1,2,3,* email
Received: 25 January 2011; in revised form: 10 February 2011 / Accepted: 16 February 2011 / Published: 23 February 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Molecular Recognition)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Anchor residues, which are deeply buried upon binding, play an important role in protein–protein interactions by providing recognition specificity and facilitating the binding kinetics. Up to now, studies on anchor residues have been focused mainly on ordered proteins. In this study, we investigated anchor residues in intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) which are flexible in the free state. We identified the anchor residues of the N-terminus of the p53 protein (Glu17–Asn29, abbreviated as p53N) which are involved in binding with two different targets (MDM2 and Taz2), and analyzed their side chain conformations in the unbound states. The anchor residues in the unbound p53N were found to frequently sample conformations similar to those observed in the bound complexes (i.e., Phe19, Trp23, and Leu26 in the p53N-MDM2 complex, and Leu22 in the p53N-Taz2 complex). We argue that the bound-like conformations of the anchor residues in the unbound state are important for controlling the specific interactions between IDPs and their targets. Further, we propose a mechanism to account for the binding promiscuity of IDPs in terms of anchor residues and molecular recognition features (MoRFs).
Keywords: anchor residue; intrinsically disordered proteins; binding promiscuity; molecular recognition features; p53; MDM2; Taz2
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MDPI and ACS Style

Huang, Y.; Liu, Z. Anchoring Intrinsically Disordered Proteins to Multiple Targets: Lessons from N-Terminus of the p53 Protein. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 1410-1430.

AMA Style

Huang Y, Liu Z. Anchoring Intrinsically Disordered Proteins to Multiple Targets: Lessons from N-Terminus of the p53 Protein. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(2):1410-1430.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Huang, Yongqi; Liu, Zhirong. 2011. "Anchoring Intrinsically Disordered Proteins to Multiple Targets: Lessons from N-Terminus of the p53 Protein." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 2: 1410-1430.

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