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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(12), 9083-9094; doi:10.3390/ijms12129083
Communication

Investigating Ionic Effects Applied to Water Based Organocatalysed Aldol Reactions

 and *
Received: 28 October 2011; in revised form: 26 November 2011 / Accepted: 29 November 2011 / Published: 7 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Green Chemistry and Sustainable Chemistry 2011)
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Abstract: Saturated aqueous solutions of various common salts were examined for their effect on aqueous aldol reactions catalysted by a highly active C2-symmetric diprolinamide organocatalyst developed in our laboratory. With respect to the aldol reaction between cyclohexanone and 4-nitrobenzaldehyde, deionised water was always a superior medium to salt solutions though some correlation to increasing anion size and depression in enantiomeric excess could be observed. Additionally, the complete inhibition of catalyst activity observed when employing tap water could be alleviated by the inclusion of ethylenediaminetetraacetate (EDTA) into the aqueous media prior to reaction initiation. Extension of these reaction conditions demonstrated that these ionic effects vary on a case-to-case basis depending on the ketone/aldehyde combination.
Keywords: ionic solution; organocatalysis; aldol; water ionic solution; organocatalysis; aldol; water
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Delaney, J.P.; Henderson, L.C. Investigating Ionic Effects Applied to Water Based Organocatalysed Aldol Reactions. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 9083-9094.

AMA Style

Delaney JP, Henderson LC. Investigating Ionic Effects Applied to Water Based Organocatalysed Aldol Reactions. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(12):9083-9094.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Delaney, Joshua P.; Henderson, Luke C. 2011. "Investigating Ionic Effects Applied to Water Based Organocatalysed Aldol Reactions." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 12: 9083-9094.



Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert