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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(12), 8846-8861; doi:10.3390/ijms12128846
Article

Compositional Studies: Antioxidant and Antidiabetic Activities of Capparis decidua (Forsk.) Edgew

1
,
2
,
3
,
4
 and
5,*
1 Department of Pharmacognosy, Research Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Karachi, Karachi-75270, Pakistan 2 Department of Chemistry, University of Sarajevo, Sarajevo-71000, Bosnia and Herzegovina 3 Department of Pharmacy, Anbar Campus, Abdul Wali Khan University, Mardan 23200, Pakistan 4 Faculty of Pharmacy, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60800, Pakistan 5 Department of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Sciences, University of Salerno, Salerno 84122, Italy
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 25 October 2011 / Revised: 7 November 2011 / Accepted: 14 November 2011 / Published: 5 December 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
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Abstract

Capparis decidua is one of the traditional remedies used for various medicinal treatments in Pakistan. This study presents the determination of proximate composition, amino acids, fatty acids, tocopherols, sterols, glucosinolate and phenolic content in extracts obtained from different aerial parts of C. decidua, as well as their antidiabetic and antioxidant activity. All examined extracts were prominently rich in phenolics and glucosinates, and they showed potent antidiabetic and antihemolytic activity. The present study could be helpful in developing medicinal preparations for the treatment of diabetes and related symptoms.
Keywords: Capparis decidua; nutritional constituents; amino acids; sterols; tocopherols; phenols; antioxidant activity; antidiabetic activity Capparis decidua; nutritional constituents; amino acids; sterols; tocopherols; phenols; antioxidant activity; antidiabetic activity
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Zia-Ul-Haq, M.; Ćavar, S.; Qayum, M.; Imran, I.; Feo, V. Compositional Studies: Antioxidant and Antidiabetic Activities of Capparis decidua (Forsk.) Edgew. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 8846-8861.

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