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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12(10), 7048-7058; doi:10.3390/ijms12107048

Biological Potential of Sixteen Legumes in China

Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, South Xueyuan Road, Haidian District No.80, Beijing 100081, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 August 2011 / Revised: 16 September 2011 / Accepted: 14 October 2011 / Published: 20 October 2011
(This article belongs to the Section Biochemistry, Molecular Biology and Biophysics)
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Phenolic acids have been identified in a variety of legumes including lima bean, broad bean, common bean, pea, jack bean, goa bean, adzuki bean, hyacinth bean, chicking vetch, garbanzo bean, dral, cow bean, rice bean, mung bean and soybean. The present study was carried out with the following aims: (1) to identify and quantify the individual phenolic acid and determine the total phenolic content (TPC); (2) to assess their antioxidant activity, inhibition activities of α-glucosidase, tyrosinase, and formation of advanced glycation endproducts; and (3) to investigate correlations among the phytochemicals and biological activity. Common bean possesses the highest antioxidant activity and advanced glycation endproducts formation inhibition activity. Adzuki bean has the highest α-glucosidase inhibition activity, and mung bean has the highest tyrosinase inhibition activity. There are significant differences in phytochemical content and functional activities among the bean species investigated. Selecting beans can help treat diseases such as dermatological hyperpigmentation illness, type 2 diabetes and associated cardiovascular diseases.
Keywords: legumes; antioxidant; α-glucosidase inhibition; advanced glycation endproducts; tyrosinase inhibition legumes; antioxidant; α-glucosidase inhibition; advanced glycation endproducts; tyrosinase inhibition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Yao, Y.; Cheng, X.; Wang, L.; Wang, S.; Ren, G. Biological Potential of Sixteen Legumes in China. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 7048-7058.

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