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Biological Potential of Sixteen Legumes in China
Institute of Crop Science, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, South Xueyuan Road, Haidian District No.80, Beijing 100081, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 August 2011; in revised form: 16 September 2011 / Accepted: 14 October 2011 / Published: 20 October 2011
Abstract: Phenolic acids have been identified in a variety of legumes including lima bean, broad bean, common bean, pea, jack bean, goa bean, adzuki bean, hyacinth bean, chicking vetch, garbanzo bean, dral, cow bean, rice bean, mung bean and soybean. The present study was carried out with the following aims: (1) to identify and quantify the individual phenolic acid and determine the total phenolic content (TPC); (2) to assess their antioxidant activity, inhibition activities of α-glucosidase, tyrosinase, and formation of advanced glycation endproducts; and (3) to investigate correlations among the phytochemicals and biological activity. Common bean possesses the highest antioxidant activity and advanced glycation endproducts formation inhibition activity. Adzuki bean has the highest α-glucosidase inhibition activity, and mung bean has the highest tyrosinase inhibition activity. There are significant differences in phytochemical content and functional activities among the bean species investigated. Selecting beans can help treat diseases such as dermatological hyperpigmentation illness, type 2 diabetes and associated cardiovascular diseases.
Keywords: legumes; antioxidant; α-glucosidase inhibition; advanced glycation endproducts; tyrosinase inhibition
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MDPI and ACS Style
Yao, Y.; Cheng, X.; Wang, L.; Wang, S.; Ren, G. Biological Potential of Sixteen Legumes in China. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2011, 12, 7048-7058.
Yao Y, Cheng X, Wang L, Wang S, Ren G. Biological Potential of Sixteen Legumes in China. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2011; 12(10):7048-7058.
Yao, Yang; Cheng, Xuzhen; Wang, Lixia; Wang, Suhua; Ren, Guixing. 2011. "Biological Potential of Sixteen Legumes in China." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 12, no. 10: 7048-7058.