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Cigarette Smoke Affects ABCAl Expression via Liver X Receptor Nuclear Translocation in Human Keratinocytes
Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Siena, Via Aldo Moro, 2 53100 Siena, Italy
Department of Physiopathology, Experimental Medicine and Public Health, University of Siena, Via Aldo Moro, 2 53100 Siena, Italy
Department of Food and Nutrition, Kyung Hee University, 1 Hoegi-Dong, Dongdaemun-gu–Seoul, Korea
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 September 2010; in revised form: 8 September 2010 / Accepted: 8 September 2010 / Published: 17 September 2010
Abstract: Cutaneous tissue is the first barrier against outdoor insults. The outer most layer of the skin, the stratum corneum (SC), is formed by corneocytes embedded in a lipid matrix (cholesterol, ceramide and fatty acids). Therefore, the regulation of lipids and, in particular, of cholesterol homeostasis in the skin is of great importance. ABCA1 is a membrane transporter responsible for cholesterol efflux and plays a key role in maintaining cellular cholesterol levels. Among the many factors that have been associated with skin diseases, the environmental stressor cigarette smoke has been recently studied. In the present study, we demonstrate that ABCA1 expression in human cells (HaCaT) was increased (both mRNA and protein levels) after CS exposure. This effect was mediated by the inhibition of NFkB (aldehydes adducts formation) that allows the translocation of liver X receptor (LXR). These findings suggest that passive smoking may play a role in skin cholesterol levels and thus affect cutaneous tissues functions.
Keywords: ABCA1; keratinocyte; LXR; cigarette smoke; NFkB
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MDPI and ACS Style
Sticozzi, C.; Pecorelli, A.; Belmonte, G.; Valacchi, G. Cigarette Smoke Affects ABCAl Expression via Liver X Receptor Nuclear Translocation in Human Keratinocytes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 3375-3386.
Sticozzi C, Pecorelli A, Belmonte G, Valacchi G. Cigarette Smoke Affects ABCAl Expression via Liver X Receptor Nuclear Translocation in Human Keratinocytes. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(9):3375-3386.
Sticozzi, Claudia; Pecorelli, Alessandra; Belmonte, Giuseppe; Valacchi, Giuseppe. 2010. "Cigarette Smoke Affects ABCAl Expression via Liver X Receptor Nuclear Translocation in Human Keratinocytes." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 9: 3375-3386.