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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11(7), 2636-2657; doi:10.3390/ijms11072636

Conducting Polymer Nanostructures: Template Synthesis and Applications in Energy Storage

1
National Laboratory of Microstructures (Nanjing), Key Laboratory of Advanced Photonic and Electronic Materials of Jiangsu Province, School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, Jiangsu Province, China
2
Department of Electronic Engineering, The Chinese University of Hongkong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 May 2010 / Revised: 29 May 2010 / Accepted: 17 June 2010 / Published: 2 July 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Conjugated Polymers)
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Abstract

Conducting polymer nanostructures have received increasing attention in both fundamental research and various application fields in recent decades. Compared with bulk conducting polymers, conducting polymer nanostructures are expected to display improved performance in energy storage because of the unique properties arising from their nanoscaled size: high electrical conductivity, large surface area, short path lengths for the transport of ions, and high electrochemical activity. Template methods are emerging for a sort of facile, efficient, and highly controllable synthesis of conducting polymer nanostructures. This paper reviews template synthesis routes for conducting polymer nanostructures, including soft and hard template methods, as well as its mechanisms. The application of conducting polymer mesostructures in energy storage devices, such as supercapacitors and rechargeable batteries, are discussed.
Keywords: conducting polymers; nanowires; nanotubes; polyaniline; polypyrrole; template synthesis conducting polymers; nanowires; nanotubes; polyaniline; polypyrrole; template synthesis
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Pan, L.; Qiu, H.; Dou, C.; Li, Y.; Pu, L.; Xu, J.; Shi, Y. Conducting Polymer Nanostructures: Template Synthesis and Applications in Energy Storage. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 2636-2657.

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