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Conducting Polymer Nanostructures: Template Synthesis and Applications in Energy Storage
National Laboratory of Microstructures (Nanjing), Key Laboratory of Advanced Photonic and Electronic Materials of Jiangsu Province, School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Nanjing University, Nanjing, 210093, Jiangsu Province, China
Department of Electronic Engineering, The Chinese University of Hongkong, Shatin, New Territories, Hong Kong, China
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 May 2010; in revised form: 29 May 2010 / Accepted: 17 June 2010 / Published: 2 July 2010
Abstract: Conducting polymer nanostructures have received increasing attention in both fundamental research and various application fields in recent decades. Compared with bulk conducting polymers, conducting polymer nanostructures are expected to display improved performance in energy storage because of the unique properties arising from their nanoscaled size: high electrical conductivity, large surface area, short path lengths for the transport of ions, and high electrochemical activity. Template methods are emerging for a sort of facile, efficient, and highly controllable synthesis of conducting polymer nanostructures. This paper reviews template synthesis routes for conducting polymer nanostructures, including soft and hard template methods, as well as its mechanisms. The application of conducting polymer mesostructures in energy storage devices, such as supercapacitors and rechargeable batteries, are discussed.
Keywords: conducting polymers; nanowires; nanotubes; polyaniline; polypyrrole; template synthesis
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MDPI and ACS Style
Pan, L.; Qiu, H.; Dou, C.; Li, Y.; Pu, L.; Xu, J.; Shi, Y. Conducting Polymer Nanostructures: Template Synthesis and Applications in Energy Storage. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 2636-2657.
Pan L, Qiu H, Dou C, Li Y, Pu L, Xu J, Shi Y. Conducting Polymer Nanostructures: Template Synthesis and Applications in Energy Storage. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(7):2636-2657.
Pan, Lijia; Qiu, Hao; Dou, Chunmeng; Li, Yun; Pu, Lin; Xu, Jianbin; Shi, Yi. 2010. "Conducting Polymer Nanostructures: Template Synthesis and Applications in Energy Storage." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 7: 2636-2657.