Decreased Erythrocyte CCS Content is a Biomarker of Copper Overload in Rats
AbstractCopper (Cu)is an essential trace metal that is toxic in excess. It is therefore important to be able to accurately assess Cu deficiency or overload. Cu chaperone for Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (CCS) protein expression is elevated in tissues of Cu-deficient animals. Increased CCS content in erythrocytes is particularly sensitive to decreased Cu status. Given the lack of a non-invasive, sensitive and specific biomarker for the assessment of Cu excess, we investigated whether CCS expression in erythrocytes reflects Cu overload. Rats were fed diets containing normal or high levels of Cu for 13 weeks. Diets contained 6.3 ± 0.6 (Cu-N), 985 ± 14 (Cu-1000) or 1944 ± 19 (Cu-2000) mg Cu/kg diet. Rats showed a variable response to the high Cu diets. Some rats showed severe Cu toxicity, while other rats showed no visible signs of toxicity and grew normally. Also, some rats had high levels of Cu in liver, whereas others had liver Cu concentrations within the normal range. Erythrocyte CCS protein expression was 30% lower in Cu-2000 rats compared to Cu-N rats (P < 0.05). Notably, only rats that accumulated high levels of Cu in liver had lower erythrocyte CCS (47% reduction, P < 0.05) compared to rats fed normal levels of Cu. Together, these data indicate that decreased erythrocyte CCS content is associated with Cu overload in rats and should be evaluated further as a potential biomarker for assessing Cu excess in humans.
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Bertinato, J.; Sherrard, L.; Plouffe, L.J. Decreased Erythrocyte CCS Content is a Biomarker of Copper Overload in Rats. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 2624-2635.
Bertinato J, Sherrard L, Plouffe LJ. Decreased Erythrocyte CCS Content is a Biomarker of Copper Overload in Rats. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(7):2624-2635.Chicago/Turabian Style
Bertinato, Jesse; Sherrard, Lindsey; Plouffe, Louise J. 2010. "Decreased Erythrocyte CCS Content is a Biomarker of Copper Overload in Rats." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 7: 2624-2635.