Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11(6), 2453-2472; doi:10.3390/ijms11062453
Review

Advances Towards Synthetic Machines at the Molecular and Nanoscale Level

1email, 1,* email and 2email
Received: 25 May 2010; in revised form: 9 June 2010 / Accepted: 10 June 2010 / Published: 11 June 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecular Machines and Nanomachines)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: The fabrication of increasingly smaller machines to the nanometer scale can be achieved by either a “top-down” or “bottom-up” approach. While the former is reaching its limits of resolution, the latter is showing promise for the assembly of molecular components, in a comparable approach to natural systems, to produce functioning ensembles in a controlled and predetermined manner. In this review we focus on recent progress in molecular systems that act as molecular machine prototypes such as switches, motors, vehicles and logic operators.
Keywords: molecular machines; devices; switches; catenanes; rotaxanes; nanovehicles; rotary motors
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MDPI and ACS Style

Konstas, K.; Langford, S.J.; Latter, M.J. Advances Towards Synthetic Machines at the Molecular and Nanoscale Level. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 2453-2472.

AMA Style

Konstas K, Langford SJ, Latter MJ. Advances Towards Synthetic Machines at the Molecular and Nanoscale Level. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(6):2453-2472.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Konstas, Kristina; Langford, Steven J.; Latter, Melissa J. 2010. "Advances Towards Synthetic Machines at the Molecular and Nanoscale Level." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 6: 2453-2472.


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