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Poly[(3-hexylthiophene)-block-(3-semifluoroalkylthiophene)] for Polymer Solar Cells
Department of Frontier Materials, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8555, Japan
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Nagoya Institute of Technology, Gokiso, Showa-ku, Nagoya 466-8555, Japan
Department of Research, Nagoya Industrial Science Research Institute, 1-13 Yotsuyadori, Chikusa-ku, Nagoya 464-0819, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 13 September 2010; in revised form: 22 November 2010 / Accepted: 2 December 2010 / Published: 6 December 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Solar Cells
Abstract: We report the synthesis of poly[(3-hexylthiophene)-block-(3-(4,4,5,5,6,6,7,7,7-nonafluoroheptyl)thiophene)], P(3HT-b-3SFT), carried out by the Grignard Metathesis Method (GRIM). The copolymers composition was determined by 1H and 19F NMR spectroscopies, and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The thin films of P(3HT‑b‑3SFT) were investigated by ultraviolet-visible absorption spectroscopy and atomic force microscopy (AFM). We also fabricated bulk-hetero junction (BHJ) solar cells based on blends of P(3HT-b-3SFT) and [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM). Although the composition ratio of P3SFT in P(3HT-b-3SFT) was low, the influence of P3SFT on the morphology and properties of solar cells was significant. The annealing process for the BHJ solar cells induced the formation of large domains and led to poor solar cell performance. The BHJ solar cells, based on PCBM and P(3HT-b-3SFT), prepared by the non-annealing process, had a maximum power conversion efficiency of 0.84% under 100 mW/cm2 (AM 1.5 solar illumination) in air.
Keywords: conjugated block copolymer; fluorine; semifluoroalkyl chain; PCBM; solar cell
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Yamada, I.; Takagi, K.; Hayashi, Y.; Soga, T.; Shibata, N.; Toru, T. Poly[(3-hexylthiophene)-block-(3-semifluoroalkylthiophene)] for Polymer Solar Cells. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 5027-5039.
Yamada I, Takagi K, Hayashi Y, Soga T, Shibata N, Toru T. Poly[(3-hexylthiophene)-block-(3-semifluoroalkylthiophene)] for Polymer Solar Cells. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(12):5027-5039.
Yamada, Ichiko; Takagi, Koji; Hayashi, Yasuhiko; Soga, Tetsuo; Shibata, Norio; Toru, Takeshi. 2010. "Poly[(3-hexylthiophene)-block-(3-semifluoroalkylthiophene)] for Polymer Solar Cells." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 12: 5027-5039.