Open AccessThis article is
- freely available
Optimization of Bacterial Plasmid Transformation Using Nanomaterials Based on the Yoshida Effect
Biotechnology Department, Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Dalian 116023, China
Department of Breast Cancer Pathology and Research Laboratory, State Key Laboratory of Breast Cancer Research, Cancer Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300060, China
Department of Medical and Bioengineering Science, Graduate School of Natural Science and Technology, Okayama University, Okayama 700-8530, Japan
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 October 2010; in revised form: 15 November 2010 / Accepted: 1 December 2010 / Published: 3 December 2010
Abstract: With the help of sepiolite, a unique method for transforming DNA into bacteria, based on the Yoshida effect, has been developed recently. However, we confronted many problems when this newest method was tried. Only a few transformants could be obtained even when 100 ng of plasmid pET15b was used, and a successful result seemed difficult to repeat. To address this problem, we optimized the operating method and could achieve about 15,000 transformants using the same amount of plasmid, which could match the efficiency gained using the calcium chloride transformation method. Meanwhile, the results could also be reproduced well. In the same way, carbon nanotubes were used to attain more than 15,000 transformants in the same situation. Therefore, the transformation method could be extended to other nanomaterials. Meanwhile, compared with the mechanism previously reported, we verified quite a different principle for the mechanism responsible for such a transformation. In sum, this unique transformation can be developed to become the third widely-used transformation method in laboratories in addition to the chemical method and electroporation.
Keywords: sepiolite; carbon nanotube; plasmid transformation; nanomaterials; Yoshida effect
Citations to this Article
Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Tan, H.; Fu, L.; Seno, M. Optimization of Bacterial Plasmid Transformation Using Nanomaterials Based on the Yoshida Effect. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 4962-4972.
Tan H, Fu L, Seno M. Optimization of Bacterial Plasmid Transformation Using Nanomaterials Based on the Yoshida Effect. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(12):4962-4972.
Tan, Haidong; Fu, Li; Seno, Masaharu. 2010. "Optimization of Bacterial Plasmid Transformation Using Nanomaterials Based on the Yoshida Effect." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 12: 4962-4972.