Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11(1), 233-253; doi:10.3390/ijms11010233
Review

A Review on the Effects of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide on Enzyme Activity

1 Institute of Experimental Botany AS CR, Isotope Laboratory, Vídenská 1083, 142 20 Prague 4–Krc, Czech Republic 2 Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry AS CR, Flemingovo námestí 2, 166 10 Prague 6–Dejvice, Czech Republic
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 23 November 2009; in revised form: 7 January 2010 / Accepted: 9 January 2010 / Published: 19 January 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Supercritical Carbon Dioxide)
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [198 KB, uploaded 19 January 2010 15:35 CET]
Abstract: Different types of enzymes such as lipases, several phosphatases, dehydrogenases, oxidases, amylases and others are well suited for the reactions in SC-CO2. The stability and the activity of enzymes exposed to carbon dioxide under high pressure depend on enzyme species, water content in the solution and on the pressure and temperature of the reaction system. The three-dimensional structure of enzymes may be significantly altered under extreme conditions, causing their denaturation and consequent loss of activity. If the conditions are less adverse, the protein structure may be largely retained. Minor structural changes may induce an alternative active protein state with altered enzyme activity, specificity and stability.
Keywords: enzyme; supercritical carbon dioxide; synthesis; hydrolysis; inactivation

Article Statistics

Load and display the download statistics.

Citations to this Article

Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Wimmer, Z.; Zarevúcka, M. A Review on the Effects of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide on Enzyme Activity. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2010, 11, 233-253.

AMA Style

Wimmer Z, Zarevúcka M. A Review on the Effects of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide on Enzyme Activity. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2010; 11(1):233-253.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Wimmer, Zdenĕk; Zarevúcka, Marie. 2010. "A Review on the Effects of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide on Enzyme Activity." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 11, no. 1: 233-253.

Int. J. Mol. Sci. EISSN 1422-0067 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert