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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10(8), 3635-3654; doi:10.3390/ijms10083635

Biodegradability Evaluation of Polymers by ISO 14855-2

National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) / 1-1-1 Higashi, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8565, Japan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 August 2009 / Revised: 13 August 2009 / Accepted: 17 August 2009 / Published: 18 August 2009
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biodegradability of Materials)


Biodegradabilities of polymers and their composites in a controlled compost were described. Polycaprolactone (PCL) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) were employed as biodegradable polymers. Biodegradabilities of PCL and PLA samples in a controlled compost were measured using a Microbial Oxidative Degradation Analyzer (MODA) according to ISO 14855-2. Sample preparation method for biodegradation test according to ISO/DIS 10210 was also described. Effects of sizes and shapes of samples on biodegradability were studied. Reproducibility of biodegradation test of ISO 14855-2 by MODA was confirmed. Validity of sample preparation method for polymer pellets, polymer film, and polymer products of ISO/DIS 10210 for ISO 14855-2 was confirmed. View Full-Text
Keywords: biodegradability; polycaprolactone; poly(lactic acid); compost; evaluation; ISO 14855-2; ISO/DIS 10210 biodegradability; polycaprolactone; poly(lactic acid); compost; evaluation; ISO 14855-2; ISO/DIS 10210

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Funabashi, M.; Ninomiya, F.; Kunioka, M. Biodegradability Evaluation of Polymers by ISO 14855-2. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2009, 10, 3635-3654.

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