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Molecules 2018, 23(9), 2252; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23092252

Structural Characterization of the Lactobacillus Plantarum FlmC Protein Involved in Biofilm Formation

1
Department of Environmental, Biological and Pharmaceutical Science and Technologies, University of Campania-Luigi Vanvitelli, Via Vivaldi, 43-81100 Caserta, Italy
2
Institute of Chemistry of Molecular Recognition, CNR, via M. Bianco, 9-20131 Milan, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 August 2018 / Revised: 27 August 2018 / Accepted: 31 August 2018 / Published: 4 September 2018
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Abstract

Lactobacillus plantarum is one of the most predominant species in the human gut microbiota of healthy individuals. We have previously characterized some probiotic features of L. plantarum LM3, as the high resistance to different stress, the binding ability toward some extracellular matrix proteins and plasminogen and the immunomodulatory role of the surface expressed adhesin EnoA1. We have also identified the flmA, flmB and flmC genes, coding for putative proteins named FlmA, FlmB and FlmC, whose null mutations partially impaired biofilm development; the L. plantarum LM3–6 strain, carrying a deletion in flmC, showed a high rate of autolysis, supporting the hypothesis that FlmC might be involved in cell wall integrity. Here, we report the in-silico characterization of ΔTM-FlmC, a portion of the FlmC protein. The protein has been also expressed, purified and characterized by means of CD spectroscopy, ICP-mass and UHPLC-HRMS. The obtained experimental data validated the predicted model unveiling also the presence of a bound lipid molecule and of a Mg(II) ion. Overall, we provide strong evidences that ΔTM-FlmC belongs to the LytR-CpsA-Psr (LCP) family of domains and is involved in cell envelope biogenesis. View Full-Text
Keywords: lactic acid bacteria; probiotics; biofilm; LytR-CpsA-psr lactic acid bacteria; probiotics; biofilm; LytR-CpsA-psr
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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D’Abrosca, G.; Paladino, A.; Cuoco, E.; Marasco, R.; Pacifico, S.; Piccolella, S.; Vastano, V.; Sacco, M.; Isernia, C.; Muscariello, L.; Malgieri, G. Structural Characterization of the Lactobacillus Plantarum FlmC Protein Involved in Biofilm Formation. Molecules 2018, 23, 2252.

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