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Molecules 2018, 23(7), 1530; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23071530

Tetramethylpyrazine-Inducible Promoter Region from Rhodococcus jostii TMP1

1
Department of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology, Institute of Biochemistry, Life Sciences Center, Vilnius University, Saulėtekio al. 7, LT-10257 Vilnius, Lithuania
2
Department of Physiology, Biochemistry, Microbiology and Laboratory Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Vilnius University, M. K. Čiurlionio 21, LT-03101 Vilnius, Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 24 May 2018 / Revised: 15 June 2018 / Accepted: 22 June 2018 / Published: 25 June 2018
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Abstract

An inducible promoter region, PTTMP (tetramethylpyrazine [TTMP]), has been identified upstream of the tpdABC operon, which contains the genes required for the initial degradation of 2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine in Rhodococcus jostii TMP1 bacteria. In this work, the promoter region was fused with the gene for the enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) to investigate the activity of PTTMP by measuring the fluorescence of bacteria. The highest promoter activity was observed when bacteria were grown in a nutrient broth (NB) medium supplemented with 5 mM 2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine for 48 h. Using a primer extension reaction, two transcriptional start sites for tpdA were identified, and the putative −35 and −10 promoter motifs were determined. The minimal promoter along with two 15 bp long direct repeats and two 7 bp inverted sequences were identified. Also, the influence of the promoter elements on the activity of PTTMP were determined using site-directed mutagenesis. Furthermore, PTTMP was shown to be induced by pyrazine derivatives containing methyl groups in the 2- and 5-positions of the heterocyclic ring, in the presence of the LuxR family transcriptional activator TpdR. View Full-Text
Keywords: Rhodococcus sp., inducible promoter; 2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine; LAL subfamily; LuxR Rhodococcus sp., inducible promoter; 2,3,5,6-tetramethylpyrazine; LAL subfamily; LuxR
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Stanislauskienė, R.; Kutanovas, S.; Kalinienė, L.; Bratchikov, M.; Meškys, R. Tetramethylpyrazine-Inducible Promoter Region from Rhodococcus jostii TMP1. Molecules 2018, 23, 1530.

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