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Molecules 2018, 23(3), 692; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23030692

Anticancer Activity of Toxins from Bee and Snake Venom—An Overview on Ovarian Cancer

1
Department of Medical and Surgical Specialties, Faculty of Medicine, Transilvania University of Brasov, Brasov 500019, Romania
2
Clinical Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest 020021, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 February 2018 / Revised: 11 March 2018 / Accepted: 14 March 2018 / Published: 19 March 2018
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Abstract

Cancer represents the disease of the millennium, a major problem in public health. The proliferation of tumor cells, angiogenesis, and the relationship between the cancer cells and the components of the extracellular matrix are important in the events of carcinogenesis, and these pathways are being used as targets for new anticancer treatments. Various venoms and their toxins have shown possible anticancer effects on human cancer cell lines, providing new perspectives in drug development. In this review, we observed the effects of natural toxins from bee and snake venom and the mechanisms through which they can inhibit the growth and proliferation of cancer cells. We also researched how several types of natural molecules from venom can sensitize ovarian cancer cells to conventional chemotherapy, with many toxins being helpful for developing new anticancer drugs. This approach could improve the efficiency of standard therapies and could allow the administration of decreased doses of chemotherapy. Natural toxins from bee and snake venom could become potential candidates for the future treatment of different types of cancer. It is important to continue these studies concerning therapeutic drugs from natural resource and, more importantly, to investigate their mechanism of action on cancer cells. View Full-Text
Keywords: bee venom; snake venom; human cancer cell lines; ovarian cancer; carcinogenesis bee venom; snake venom; human cancer cell lines; ovarian cancer; carcinogenesis
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Moga, M.A.; Dimienescu, O.G.; Arvătescu, C.A.; Ifteni, P.; Pleş, L. Anticancer Activity of Toxins from Bee and Snake Venom—An Overview on Ovarian Cancer. Molecules 2018, 23, 692.

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