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Molecules 2018, 23(3), 584; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23030584

Melatonin Improves Heat Tolerance in Kiwifruit Seedlings through Promoting Antioxidant Enzymatic Activity and Glutathione S-Transferase Transcription

1,2,†
,
1,†
,
1
,
1,2
,
1
,
1,2
,
1,2
,
1
and
1,2,*
1
College of Horticulture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
2
Institute of Pomology and Olericulture, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 611130, China
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 January 2018 / Revised: 28 February 2018 / Accepted: 1 March 2018 / Published: 6 March 2018
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Abstract

Evidence exists to suggest that melatonin (MT) is important to abiotic stress tolerance in plants. Here, we investigated whether exogenous MT reduces heat damage on biological parameters and gene expression in kiwifruit (Actinidia deliciosa) seedlings. Pretreatment with MT alleviates heat-induced oxidative harm through reducing H2O2 content and increasing proline content. Moreover, MT application raised ascorbic acid (AsA) levels and the activity of antioxidant enzymes, including superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), and peroxidase (POD). We also observed elevation in the activity of enzymes related to the AsA-GSH cycle, such as ascorbate peroxidase (APX), monodehydroascorbate reductase (MDHAR), dehydroascorbate reductase (DHAR), and glutathione reductase (GR). Furthermore, MT application increased the expression of 28/31 glutathione S-transferase (GST) genes, reducing oxidative stress. These results clearly indicate that in kiwifruit, MT exerts a protective effect against heat-related damage through regulating antioxidant pathways. View Full-Text
Keywords: antioxidant enzymes; glutathione S-transferase; kiwifruit; melatonin; high temperature stress antioxidant enzymes; glutathione S-transferase; kiwifruit; melatonin; high temperature stress
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Liang, D.; Gao, F.; Ni, Z.; Lin, L.; Deng, Q.; Tang, Y.; Wang, X.; Luo, X.; Xia, H. Melatonin Improves Heat Tolerance in Kiwifruit Seedlings through Promoting Antioxidant Enzymatic Activity and Glutathione S-Transferase Transcription. Molecules 2018, 23, 584.

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