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Molecules 2018, 23(3), 552; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23030552

Chemical and Biological Significance of Oenothein B and Related Ellagitannin Oligomers with Macrocyclic Structure

1
College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Matsuyama University, 4-2 Bunkyo-cho, Matsuyama, Ehime 790-8578, Japan
2
Okayama University, Okayama 701-1152, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 February 2018 / Revised: 26 February 2018 / Accepted: 26 February 2018 / Published: 2 March 2018
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Abstract

In 1990, Okuda et al. reported the first isolation and characterization of oenothein B, a unique ellagitannin dimer with a macrocyclic structure, from the Oenothera erythrosepala leaves. Since then, a variety of macrocyclic analogs, including trimeric–heptameric oligomers have been isolated from various medicinal plants belonging to Onagraceae, Lythraceae, and Myrtaceae. Among notable in vitro and in vivo biological activities reported for oenothein B are antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, enzyme inhibitory, antitumor, antimicrobial, and immunomodulatory activities. Oenothein B and related oligomers, and/or plant extracts containing them have thus attracted increasing interest as promising targets for the development of chemopreventive agents of life-related diseases associated with oxygen stress in human health. In order to better understand the significance of this type of ellagitannin in medicinal plants, this review summarizes (1) the structural characteristics of oenothein B and related dimers; (2) the oxidative metabolites of oenothein B up to heptameric oligomers; (3) the distribution of oenotheins and other macrocyclic analogs in the plant kingdom; and (4) the pharmacological activities hitherto documented for oenothein B, including those recently found by our laboratory. View Full-Text
Keywords: oenothein B; ellagitannin; macrocyclic oligomer; Onagraceae; Myrtaceae; Lythraceae; antioxidants; antitumor effect; immunomodulatory effect; anti-inflammation oenothein B; ellagitannin; macrocyclic oligomer; Onagraceae; Myrtaceae; Lythraceae; antioxidants; antitumor effect; immunomodulatory effect; anti-inflammation
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Yoshida, T.; Yoshimura, M.; Amakura, Y. Chemical and Biological Significance of Oenothein B and Related Ellagitannin Oligomers with Macrocyclic Structure. Molecules 2018, 23, 552.

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