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Molecules 2018, 23(2), 319; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules23020319

Nutritional Value, Chemical Characterization and Bulb Morphology of Greek Garlic Landraces

1
Department of Agriculture, University of Thessaly, Crop Production and Rural Environment, N. Ionia, 38446 Magnissia, Greece
2
Mountain Research Centre (CIMO), ESA, Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, 1172, 5300-253 Bragança, Portugal
3
Department of Crop Production, Agricultural University of Athens, Iera Odos 75, 11855 Athens, Greece
4
Department of Biosystems Engineering, Technological Educational Institute of Thessaly, 41110 Larissa, Greece
5
Laboratory of Separation and Reaction Engineering-Laboratory of Catalysis and Materials (LSRE-LCM), Polytechnic Institute of Bragança, Campus de Santa Apolónia, 1172, 5300-253 Braganza, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 5 January 2018 / Revised: 26 January 2018 / Accepted: 1 February 2018 / Published: 2 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Collection Bioactive Compounds)
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Abstract

Garlic (Allium sativum L.) is an important vegetable crop throughout the world. In Greece there are many areas which have specialized in garlic cultivation through the last decades, considered the main production areas. However, despite the significance of garlic as a food product and the high annual income of this crop, there is a decreasing trend in total cultivated area in Greece, and the local landraces are gradually neglected in favor of new imported genotypes. In the present study, garlic genotypes (local landraces/varieties, imported genotypes, commercial cultivars) from the main production regions of Greece were assessed for their chemical composition and quality (total soluble solids, dry matter content, nutritional value, mineral composition, organic acids, fatty acids content and free sugars content), and bulb morphology. The results of the present study showed significant diversity in quality features and bulb morphology, not only between the genotypes from different growing regions, but also between those of the same region. This result is interesting since it could be implemented for further improvement and valorization of this important vegetable crop through extensive breeding programs within the framework of sustainability and genetic, material conservation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Allium sativum L.; bulb morphology; garlic; mineral composition; pyruvic acid Allium sativum L.; bulb morphology; garlic; mineral composition; pyruvic acid
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Petropoulos, S.A.; Fernandes, Â.; Ntatsi, G.; Petrotos, K.; Barros, L.; Ferreira, I.C.F.R. Nutritional Value, Chemical Characterization and Bulb Morphology of Greek Garlic Landraces. Molecules 2018, 23, 319.

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