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Molecules 2017, 22(7), 1170; doi:10.3390/molecules22071170

Development of Antimicrobial Packaging Film Made from Poly(Lactic Acid) Incorporating Titanium Dioxide and Silver Nanoparticles

1
Institute of Yunnan Food Safety, Kunming University of Science and Technology, Kunming 650550, China
2
College of Light Industry and Food Science, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2017 / Revised: 11 July 2017 / Accepted: 11 July 2017 / Published: 13 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomedical Applications of Polylactide (PLA) and its Copolymers)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4068 KB, uploaded 13 July 2017]   |  

Abstract

Polylactide (PLA)/nano-TiO2 and PLA/nano-TiO2/nano-Ag blends films were prepared by a solvent volatilization method. Compared to pure PLA film, the nano-blend films have low water vapor permeability (WVP) and a poor transparency. With the increase of the NPs in the PLA, the tensile strength (TS) and elastic modulus (EM) decreased, while the elongation at break (ε) increased. SEM analysis indicated a rougher cross-section of the nano-blend films. According to the FTIR analysis, no new chemical bonds were formed in the nano-blend films. By using DSC to examine the crystallization and melting behavior, the result shows that the NPs have no effect on the glass transition (Tg) and melting temperature (Tm), but they caused an increase on the cold crystallization (Tc) and crystallinity (Xc). TGA results show that the addition of nanoparticles significantly improved the thermal stability. The PLA nano-blend films show a good antimicrobial activity against. E. coli and Listeria monocytogenes. Most important, we carried out migration tests, and verified that the release of NPs from the nano-blend films was within the standard limits. View Full-Text
Keywords: polylactide (PLA); nano-TiO2; nano-Ag; antimicrobial activity; migration properties polylactide (PLA); nano-TiO2; nano-Ag; antimicrobial activity; migration properties
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Li, W.; Zhang, C.; Chi, H.; Li, L.; Lan, T.; Han, P.; Chen, H.; Qin, Y. Development of Antimicrobial Packaging Film Made from Poly(Lactic Acid) Incorporating Titanium Dioxide and Silver Nanoparticles. Molecules 2017, 22, 1170.

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