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Molecules 2017, 22(6), 879; doi:10.3390/molecules22060879

Floral Scent Chemistry of Luculia yunnanensis (Rubiaceae), a Species Endemic to China with Sweetly Fragrant Flowers

1
Research Institute of Resource Insects, Chinese Academy of Forestry, Kunming 650224, China
2
School of Gardening, Southwest Forestry University, Kunming 650224, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 27 March 2017 / Revised: 22 May 2017 / Accepted: 23 May 2017 / Published: 25 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2682 KB, uploaded 26 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

Luculia plants are famed ornamentals with sweetly fragrant flowers. Luculia yunnanensis Hu is an endemic plant from Yunnan Province, China. Headspace-solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS) was used to identify the volatile organic compounds (VOCs) of the different flower development stages of L. yunnanensis for the evaluation of floral volatile polymorphism. The results showed that a total of 40 compounds were identified at four different stages. The main aroma-active compounds were 3-carene, α-cubebene, α-copaene, δ-cadinene, and isoledene. Floral scent emission had the tendency to ascend first and descend in succession, reaching its peak level at the initial-flowering stage. The richest diversity of floral volatiles was detected at the full-flowering stage. Principal component analysis (PCA) indicated that the composition and its relative content of floral scent differed at the whole flower development stage. In comparison with the other two species of Luculia (L. pinceana and L. gratissima), the composition and its relative content of floral scent were also different among the tree species. View Full-Text
Keywords: Luculia; volatile organic compound; SPME-GC-MS; floral scent; flower development Luculia; volatile organic compound; SPME-GC-MS; floral scent; flower development
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Li, Y.; Wan, Y.; Sun, Z.; Li, T.; Liu, X.; Ma, H.; Liu, X.; He, R.; Ma, Y.; Li, Z. Floral Scent Chemistry of Luculia yunnanensis (Rubiaceae), a Species Endemic to China with Sweetly Fragrant Flowers. Molecules 2017, 22, 879.

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