Development of Optimized Inhibitor RNAs Allowing Multisite-Targeting of the HCV Genome
AbstractEngineered multivalent drugs are promising candidates for fighting infection by highly variable viruses, such as HCV. The combination into a single molecule of more than one inhibitory domain, each with its own target specificity and even a different mechanism of action, results in drugs with potentially enhanced therapeutic properties. In the present work, the anti-HCV chimeric inhibitor RNA HH363-10, which has a hammerhead catalytic domain and an aptamer RNA domain, was subjected to an in vitro selection strategy to isolate ten different optimised chimeric inhibitor RNAs. The catalytic domain was preserved while the aptamer RNA domain was evolved to contain two binding sites, one mapping to the highly conserved IIIf domain of the HCV genome’s internal ribosome entry site (IRES), and the other either to IRES domain IV (which contains the translation start codon) or the essential linker region between domains I and II. These chimeric molecules efficiently and specifically interfered with HCV IRES-dependent translation in vitro (with IC50 values in the low µM range). They also inhibited both viral translation and replication in cell culture. These findings highlight the feasibility of using in vitro selection strategies for obtaining improved RNA molecules with potential clinical applications. View Full-Text
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Romero-López, C.; Lahlali, T.; Berzal-Herranz, B.; Berzal-Herranz, A. Development of Optimized Inhibitor RNAs Allowing Multisite-Targeting of the HCV Genome. Molecules 2017, 22, 861.
Romero-López C, Lahlali T, Berzal-Herranz B, Berzal-Herranz A. Development of Optimized Inhibitor RNAs Allowing Multisite-Targeting of the HCV Genome. Molecules. 2017; 22(5):861.Chicago/Turabian Style
Romero-López, Cristina; Lahlali, Thomas; Berzal-Herranz, Beatriz; Berzal-Herranz, Alfredo. 2017. "Development of Optimized Inhibitor RNAs Allowing Multisite-Targeting of the HCV Genome." Molecules 22, no. 5: 861.
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