Next Article in Journal
Bioavailable Citrus sinensis Extract: Polyphenolic Composition and Biological Activity
Next Article in Special Issue
UVA, UVB and UVC Light Enhances the Biosynthesis of Phenolic Antioxidants in Fresh-Cut Carrot through a Synergistic Effect with Wounding
Previous Article in Journal
Synthesis and Spectral Properties of meso-Arylbacteriochlorins, Including Insights into Essential Motifs of their Hydrodipyrrin Precursors
Previous Article in Special Issue
Chlorogenic Acid: Recent Advances on Its Dual Role as a Food Additive and a Nutraceutical against Metabolic Syndrome
Article Menu
Issue 4 (April) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Molecules 2017, 22(4), 636; doi:10.3390/molecules22040636

Stability of Bioactive Compounds in Broccoli as Affected by Cutting Styles and Storage Time

1
Tecnológico de Monterrey, Escuela de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Centro de Biotecnología FEMSA, Av. Eugenio Garza Sada 2501 Sur, Monterrey 64849, Mexico
2
Department of Horticultural Sciences, Texas A&M University, College Station, TX 77843-2133, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 1 March 2017 / Revised: 10 April 2017 / Accepted: 11 April 2017 / Published: 15 April 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Plant Phenolics)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1463 KB, uploaded 17 April 2017]   |  

Abstract

Broccoli contains bioactive molecules and thus its consumption is related with the prevention of chronic and degenerative diseases. The application of wounding stress to horticultural crops is a common practice, since it is the basis for the fresh-cut produce industry. In this study, the effect of four different cutting styles (CSs) (florets (CS1), florets cut into two even pieces (CS2), florets cut into four even pieces (CS3), and florets processed into chops (CS4)) and storage time (0 and 24 h at 20 °C) on the content of bioactive compounds in broccoli was evaluated. Immediately after cutting, 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid and caffeic acid content increased by 122.4% and 41.6% in CS4 and CS2, respectively. Likewise, after storage, 3-O-caffeoylquinic acid and 5-O-caffeoylquinic acid increased by 46.7% and 98.2%, respectively in CS1. Glucoerucin and gluconasturtiin content decreased by 62% and 50%, respectively in CS3; whereas after storage most glucosinolates increased in CS1. Total isothiocyanates, increased by 133% immediately in CS4, and after storage CS1 showed 65% higher levels of sulforaphane. Total ascorbic acid increased 35% after cutting in CS2, and remained stable after storage. Results presented herein would allow broccoli producers to select proper cutting styles that preserve or increase the content of bioactive molecules. View Full-Text
Keywords: broccoli; phenolic compounds; glucosinolates; isothiocyanates; sulforaphane; ascorbic acid; cutting style; wounding stress broccoli; phenolic compounds; glucosinolates; isothiocyanates; sulforaphane; ascorbic acid; cutting style; wounding stress
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Torres-Contreras, A.M.; Nair, V.; Cisneros-Zevallos, L.; Jacobo-Velázquez, D.A. Stability of Bioactive Compounds in Broccoli as Affected by Cutting Styles and Storage Time. Molecules 2017, 22, 636.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]

Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top