Synthesis of Novel Nitrogen-Containing Heterocycle Bromophenols and Their Interaction with Keap1 Protein by Molecular Docking
AbstractWe previously reported 5,2’-dibromo-2,4’,5’-trihydroxydiphenylmethanoe (LM49), a bromophenol analogue that shows strong protection from oxidative stress injury owing to its superior anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and anti-apoptotic properties. A series of novel nitrogen-containing heterocycle bromophenols were herein synthesized by introducing substituted piperidine, piperazine, and imidazole to modify 2-position of the lead compound LM49. By further evaluating their cytoprotective activity against H2O2 induced injury in EA.hy926 cells, 14 target bromophenols showed moderate-to-potent activity with EC50 values in the range of 0.9–6.3 μM, which were stronger than that of quercetin (EC50: 18.0 μM), a positive reference compound. Of these, the most potent compound 22b is a piperazine bromophenol with an EC50 value of 0.9 μM equivalent to the LM49. Molecular docking studies were subsequently performed to deduce the affinity and binding mode of derived halophenols toward the Keap1 Kelch domain, the docking results exhibited that the small molecule 22b is well accommodated by the bound region of Keap1-Kelch and Nrf2 through stable hydrogen bonds and hydrophobic interaction, which contributed to the enhancement of affinity and stability between the ligand and receptor. The above facts suggest that 22b is a promising pharmacological candidate for further cardiovascular drug development. Moreover, the targeting Keap1-Nrf2 protein-protein interaction may be an emerging strategy for halophenols to selectively and effectively activate Nrf2 triggering downstream protective genes defending against injury. View Full-Text
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Feng, X.E.; Wang, Q.J.; Gao, J.; Ban, S.R.; Li, Q.S. Synthesis of Novel Nitrogen-Containing Heterocycle Bromophenols and Their Interaction with Keap1 Protein by Molecular Docking. Molecules 2017, 22, 2142.
Feng XE, Wang QJ, Gao J, Ban SR, Li QS. Synthesis of Novel Nitrogen-Containing Heterocycle Bromophenols and Their Interaction with Keap1 Protein by Molecular Docking. Molecules. 2017; 22(12):2142.Chicago/Turabian Style
Feng, Xiu E.; Wang, Qin J.; Gao, Jie; Ban, Shu R.; Li, Qing S. 2017. "Synthesis of Novel Nitrogen-Containing Heterocycle Bromophenols and Their Interaction with Keap1 Protein by Molecular Docking." Molecules 22, no. 12: 2142.
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