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Molecules 2017, 22(12), 2069; doi:10.3390/molecules22122069

Structural Diversity and Biological Activities of Fungal Cyclic Peptides, Excluding Cyclodipeptides

Department of Plant Pathology, College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 22 October 2017 / Revised: 20 November 2017 / Accepted: 23 November 2017 / Published: 27 November 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)

Abstract

Cyclic peptides are cyclic compounds formed mainly by the amide bonds between either proteinogenic or non-proteinogenic amino acids. This review highlights the occurrence, structures and biological activities of fungal cyclic peptides (excluding cyclodipeptides, and peptides containing ester bonds in the core ring) reported until August 2017. About 293 cyclic peptides belonging to the groups of cyclic tri-, tetra-, penta-, hexa-, hepta-, octa-, nona-, deca-, undeca-, dodeca-, tetradeca-, and octadecapeptides as well as cyclic peptides containing ether bonds in the core ring have been isolated from fungi. They were mainly isolated from the genera Aspergillus, Penicillium, Fusarium, Acremonium and Amanita. Some of them were screened to have antimicrobial, antiviral, cytotoxic, phytotoxic, insecticidal, nematicidal, immunosuppressive and enzyme-inhibitory activities to show their potential applications. Some fungal cyclic peptides such as the echinocandins, pneumocandins and cyclosporin A have been developed as pharmaceuticals. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyclopeptides; fungi; biological activities; occurrence; applications cyclopeptides; fungi; biological activities; occurrence; applications
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Wang, X.; Lin, M.; Xu, D.; Lai, D.; Zhou, L. Structural Diversity and Biological Activities of Fungal Cyclic Peptides, Excluding Cyclodipeptides. Molecules 2017, 22, 2069.

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