Anti-Inflammatory Potential of 1-Nitro-2-Phenylethylene
AbstractInflammation is a reaction of the host to infectious or sterile stimuli and has the physiological purpose of restoring tissue homeostasis. However, uncontrolled or unresolved inflammation can lead to tissue damage, giving rise to a plethora of chronic inflammatory diseases, including metabolic syndrome and autoimmunity pathologies with eventual loss of organ function. Beta-nitrostyrene and its derivatives are known to have several biological activities, including anti-edema, vasorelaxant, antiplatelet, anti-inflammatory, and anticancer. However, few studies have been carried out regarding the anti-inflammatory effects of this class of compounds. Thereby, the aim of this study was to evaluate the anti-inflammatory activity of 1-nitro-2-phenylethene (NPe) using in vitro and in vivo assays. Firstly, the potential anti-inflammatory activity of NPe was evaluated by measuring TNF-α produced by human macrophages stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). NPe at non-toxic doses opposed the inflammatory effects induced by LPS stimulation, namely production of the inflammatory cytokine TNF-α and activation of NF-κB and ERK pathways (evaluated by phosphorylation of inhibitor of kappa B-alpha [IκB-α] and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 [ERK1/2], respectively). In a well-established model of acute pleurisy, pretreatment of LPS-challenged mice with NPe reduced neutrophil accumulation in the pleural cavity. This anti-inflammatory effect was associated with reduced activation of NF-κB and ERK1/2 pathways in NPe treated mice as compared to untreated animals. Notably, NPe was as effective as dexamethasone in both, reducing neutrophil accumulation and inhibiting ERK1/2 and IκB-α phosphorylation. Taken together, the results suggest a potential anti-inflammatory activity for NPe via inhibition of ERK1/2 and NF-κB pathways on leukocytes. View Full-Text
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Sugimoto, M.A.; de Jesus Amazonas da Silva, M.; Froede Brito, L.; dos Santos Borges, R.; Amaral, F.A.; de Araujo Boleti, A.P.; Ordoñez, M.E.; Carlos Tavares, J.; Pires Sousa, L.; Lima, E.S. Anti-Inflammatory Potential of 1-Nitro-2-Phenylethylene. Molecules 2017, 22, 1977.
Sugimoto MA, de Jesus Amazonas da Silva M, Froede Brito L, dos Santos Borges R, Amaral FA, de Araujo Boleti AP, Ordoñez ME, Carlos Tavares J, Pires Sousa L, Lima ES. Anti-Inflammatory Potential of 1-Nitro-2-Phenylethylene. Molecules. 2017; 22(11):1977.Chicago/Turabian Style
Sugimoto, Michelle A.; de Jesus Amazonas da Silva, Márcia; Froede Brito, Larissa; dos Santos Borges, Rosivaldo; Amaral, Flávio A.; de Araujo Boleti, Ana P.; Ordoñez, Maritza E.; Carlos Tavares, Jose; Pires Sousa, Lirlandia; Lima, Emerson S. 2017. "Anti-Inflammatory Potential of 1-Nitro-2-Phenylethylene." Molecules 22, no. 11: 1977.
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