Caustic Ingestion in the Elderly: Influence of Age on Clinical Outcome
AbstractCaustic poisonings are still associated with many fatalities. Studies focusing on the elderly are rare. The purpose of the present study was to compare the clinical outcomes of caustic ingestion injury in elderly and non-elderly adults with regard to gender, intent of exposure, substance ingested, severity of mucosal injury, complications, and mortality. Caustic substance exposures reported to the National Toxicological Information Centre in Slovakia during 1998–2015 were reviewed retrospectively. The patients were divided into two groups: the non-elderly (<60 years) and elderly adults (≥60 years). The mortality rate in the elderly was significantly higher (elderly 23.0% vs. non-elderly 11.3%; p = 0.041). The risk of fatal outcome in the elderly was increased by acid ingestion (OR = 7.822; p = 0.002), particularly hydrochloric acid (OR = 5.714, p = 0.006). The incidence of respiratory complications was almost two times higher in the elderly was 31.1% vs. 17.4% for the non-elderly (p = 0.037). Respiratory complications significantly correlated with an increased mortality rate (p = 0.001) in the elderly whereas there was no association between GI complications and mortality in the elderly (p = 0.480). Elderly patients with respiratory complications had the poorest clinical outcomes. The highest risk of complications and fatalities was observed in patients after hydrochloric acid ingestion. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Caganova, B.; Foltanova, T.; Puchon, E.; Ondriasova, E.; Plackova, S.; Fazekas, T.; Kuzelova, M. Caustic Ingestion in the Elderly: Influence of Age on Clinical Outcome. Molecules 2017, 22, 1726.
Caganova B, Foltanova T, Puchon E, Ondriasova E, Plackova S, Fazekas T, Kuzelova M. Caustic Ingestion in the Elderly: Influence of Age on Clinical Outcome. Molecules. 2017; 22(10):1726.Chicago/Turabian Style
Caganova, Blazena; Foltanova, Tatiana; Puchon, Erik; Ondriasova, Elena; Plackova, Silvia; Fazekas, Tomas; Kuzelova, Magdalena. 2017. "Caustic Ingestion in the Elderly: Influence of Age on Clinical Outcome." Molecules 22, no. 10: 1726.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.