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Molecules 2017, 22(1), 48; doi:10.3390/molecules22010048

Recirculation: A New Concept to Drive Innovation in Sustainable Product Design for Bio-Based Products

Green Chemistry Centre of Excellence, Department of Chemistry, University of York, York YO10 5DD, UK
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 1 December 2016 / Revised: 1 December 2016 / Accepted: 22 December 2016 / Published: 29 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Chemicals from Biomass)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1737 KB, uploaded 29 December 2016]   |  


Bio-based products are made from renewable materials, offering a promising basis for the production of sustainable chemicals, materials, and more complex articles. However, biomass is not a limitless resource or one without environmental and social impacts. Therefore, while it is important to use biomass and grow a bio-based economy, displacing the unsustainable petroleum basis of energy and chemical production, any resource must be used effectively to reduce waste. Standards have been developed to support the bio-based product market in order to achieve this aim. However, the design of bio-based products has not received the same level of attention. Reported here are the first steps towards the development of a framework of understanding which connects product design to resource efficiency. Research and development scientists and engineers are encouraged to think beyond simple functionality and associate value to the potential of materials in their primary use and beyond. View Full-Text
Keywords: bio-based products; bio-based economy; circular economy; end-of-life; waste; sustainability bio-based products; bio-based economy; circular economy; end-of-life; waste; sustainability

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Sherwood, J.; Clark, J.H.; Farmer, T.J.; Herrero-Davila, L.; Moity, L. Recirculation: A New Concept to Drive Innovation in Sustainable Product Design for Bio-Based Products. Molecules 2017, 22, 48.

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