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Molecules 2017, 22(1), 167; doi:10.3390/molecules22010167

Hyperforin Exhibits Antigenotoxic Activity on Human and Bacterial Cells

1
Department of Genetics, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Comenius University, Mlynská dolina B1, Ilkovičova 6, 842 15 Bratislava, Slovakia
2
Cancer Research Institute, Biomedical Research Center, SAS, Dúbravská cesta 9, 845 05 Bratislava, Slovakia
3
Department of Pharmacognosy and Botany, Faculty of Pharmacy, Comenius University, Odbojárov 10, 832 32 Bratislava, Slovakia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maurizio Battino
Received: 21 November 2016 / Revised: 22 December 2016 / Accepted: 12 January 2017 / Published: 21 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [994 KB, uploaded 21 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

Hyperforin (HF), a substance that accumulates in the leaves and flowers of Hypericum perforatum L. (St. John’s wort), consists of a phloroglucinol skeleton with lipophilic isoprene chains. HF exhibits several medicinal properties and is mainly used as an antidepressant. So far, the antigenotoxicity of HF has not been investigated at the level of primary genetic damage, gene mutations, and chromosome aberrations, simultaneously. The present work is designed to investigate the potential antigenotoxic effects of HF using three different experimental test systems. The antigenotoxic effect of HF leading to the decrease of primary/transient promutagenic genetic changes was detected by the alkaline comet assay on human lymphocytes. The HF antimutagenic effect leading to the reduction of gene mutations was assessed using the Ames test on the standard Salmonella typhimurium (TA97, TA98, and TA100) bacterial strains, and the anticlastogenic effect of HF leading to the reduction of chromosome aberrations was evaluated by the in vitro mammalian chromosome aberration test on the human tumor cell line HepG2 and the non-carcinogenic cell line VH10. Our findings provided evidence that HF showed antigenotoxic effects towards oxidative mutagen zeocin in the comet assay and diagnostic mutagen (4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide) in the Ames test. Moreover, HF exhibited an anticlastogenic effect towards benzo(a)pyrene and cisplatin in the chromosome aberration test. View Full-Text
Keywords: hyperforin; antigenotoxicity; MTT assay; comet assay; Ames test; chromosome aberrations test hyperforin; antigenotoxicity; MTT assay; comet assay; Ames test; chromosome aberrations test
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Imreova, P.; Feruszova, J.; Kyzek, S.; Bodnarova, K.; Zduriencikova, M.; Kozics, K.; Mucaji, P.; Galova, E.; Sevcovicova, A.; Miadokova, E.; Chalupa, I. Hyperforin Exhibits Antigenotoxic Activity on Human and Bacterial Cells. Molecules 2017, 22, 167.

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