Suitable DNA Barcoding for Identification and Supervision of Piper kadsura in Chinese Medicine Markets
AbstractPiper kadsura is a vine-like medicinal plant which is widely used in clinical treatment. However, P. kadsura is often substituted by other materials in the markets, thereby causing health risks. In this study, 38 P. kadsura samples and eight sequences from GenBank, including a closely-related species and common adulterants were collected. This study aimed to identify an effective DNA barcode from four popular DNA loci for P. kadsura authentication. The success rates of PCR amplification, sequencing, and sequence acquisition of matK were 10.5%, 75%, and 7.9%, respectively; for rbcL they were 89.5%, 8.8%, and 7.9%, respectively; ITS2 rates were 86.8%, 3.0%, and 2.6%, respectively, while for psbA-trnH they were all 100%, which is much higher than for the other three loci. The sequences were aligned using Muscle, genetic distances were computed using MEGA 5.2.2, and barcoding gap was performed using TAXON DNA. Phylogenetic analysis showed that psbA-trnH could clearly distinguish P. kadsura from its closely related species and the common adulterant. psbA-trnH was then used to evaluate the fake proportions of P. kadsura. Results showed that 18.4% of P. kadsura samples were fake, indicating that adulterant species exist in the Chinese markets. Two-dimensional DNA barcoding imaging of P. kadsura was conducted, which was beneficial to the management of P. kadsura. We conclude that the psbA-trnH region is a powerful tool for P. kadsura identification and supervision in the current medicine markets. View Full-Text
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Yu, N.; Gu, H.; Wei, Y.; Zhu, N.; Wang, Y.; Zhang, H.; Zhu, Y.; Zhang, X.; Ma, C.; Sun, A. Suitable DNA Barcoding for Identification and Supervision of Piper kadsura in Chinese Medicine Markets. Molecules 2016, 21, 1221.
Yu N, Gu H, Wei Y, Zhu N, Wang Y, Zhang H, Zhu Y, Zhang X, Ma C, Sun A. Suitable DNA Barcoding for Identification and Supervision of Piper kadsura in Chinese Medicine Markets. Molecules. 2016; 21(9):1221.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yu, Ning; Gu, Hong; Wei, Yulong; Zhu, Ning; Wang, Yanli; Zhang, Haiping; Zhu, Yue; Zhang, Xin; Ma, Chao; Sun, Aidong. 2016. "Suitable DNA Barcoding for Identification and Supervision of Piper kadsura in Chinese Medicine Markets." Molecules 21, no. 9: 1221.
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