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Molecules 2016, 21(7), 837; doi:10.3390/molecules21070837

Recent Advances in Interface Engineering for Planar Heterojunction Perovskite Solar Cells

1
School of Electronic Science and Engineering, Collaborative Innovation Center of Advanced Microstructures, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
2
Department of Materials Science and Engineering, South University of Science and Technology of China, Shenzhen 518055, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Pablo Docampo
Received: 22 May 2016 / Revised: 19 June 2016 / Accepted: 22 June 2016 / Published: 25 June 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Perovskite Solar Cells)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [5318 KB, uploaded 25 June 2016]   |  

Abstract

Organic-inorganic hybrid perovskite solar cells are considered as one of the most promising next-generation solar cells due to their advantages of low-cost precursors, high power conversion efficiency (PCE) and easy of processing. In the past few years, the PCEs have climbed from a few to over 20% for perovskite solar cells. Recent developments demonstrate that perovskite exhibits ambipolar semiconducting characteristics, which allows for the construction of planar heterojunction (PHJ) perovskite solar cells. PHJ perovskite solar cells can avoid the use of high-temperature sintered mesoporous metal oxides, enabling simple processing and the fabrication of flexible and tandem perovskite solar cells. In planar heterojunction materials, hole/electron transport layers are introduced between a perovskite film and the anode/cathode. The hole and electron transporting layers are expected to enhance exciton separation, charge transportation and collection. Further, the supporting layer for the perovskite film not only plays an important role in energy-level alignment, but also affects perovskite film morphology, which have a great effect on device performance. In addition, interfacial layers also affect device stability. In this review, recent progress in interfacial engineering for PHJ perovskite solar cells will be reviewed, especially with the molecular interfacial materials. The supporting interfacial layers for the optimization of perovskite films will be systematically reviewed. Finally, the challenges remaining in perovskite solar cells research will be discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: perovskite solar cell; planar heterojunction; molecular interfacial materials perovskite solar cell; planar heterojunction; molecular interfacial materials
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Yin, W.; Pan, L.; Yang, T.; Liang, Y. Recent Advances in Interface Engineering for Planar Heterojunction Perovskite Solar Cells. Molecules 2016, 21, 837.

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