Phenolic Profile and Antioxidant Potential of Leaves from Selected Cotoneaster Medik. Species
AbstractThe antioxidant efficiency of 70% aqueous methanolic extracts from the leaves of twelve selected Cotoneaster Medik. species was evaluated using four complementary in vitro tests based on SET- (single electron transfer) and HAT-type (hydrogen atom transfer) mechanisms (DPPH, FRAP, O2•− and H2O2 scavenging assays). The samples exhibited the dose-dependent responses in all assays with activity parameters of EC50 = 18.5–34.5 µg/mL for DPPH; 0.9–3.8 mmol Fe2+/g for FRAP; SC50 = 27.7–74.8 µg/mL for O2•−; and SC50 = 29.0–91.3 µg/mL for H2O2. Significant linear correlations (|r| = 0.76–0.97, p < 0.01) between activity parameters and total contents of phenolics (5.2%–15.4% GAE) and proanthocyanidins (2.1%–15.0% CYE), with weak or no effects for chlorogenic acid isomers (0.69%–2.93%) and total flavonoids (0.28%–1.40%) suggested that among the listed polyphenols, proanthocyanidins are the most important determinants of the tested activity. UHPLC-PDA-ESI-QTOF-MS analyses led to detection of 34 polyphenols, of which 10 B-type procyanidins, 5 caffeoylquinic acids and 14 flavonoids were identified. After cluster analysis of the data matrix, the leaves of Cotoneaster zabelii, C. splendens, C. bullatus, C. divaricatus, C. hjelmqvistii and C. lucidus were selected as the most promising sources of natural antioxidants, exhibiting the highest phenolic levels and antioxidant capacities, and therefore the greatest potential for pharmaceutical applications. View Full-Text
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Kicel, A.; Michel, P.; Owczarek, A.; Marchelak, A.; Żyżelewicz, D.; Budryn, G.; Oracz, J.; Olszewska, M.A. Phenolic Profile and Antioxidant Potential of Leaves from Selected Cotoneaster Medik. Species. Molecules 2016, 21, 688.
Kicel A, Michel P, Owczarek A, Marchelak A, Żyżelewicz D, Budryn G, Oracz J, Olszewska MA. Phenolic Profile and Antioxidant Potential of Leaves from Selected Cotoneaster Medik. Species. Molecules. 2016; 21(6):688.Chicago/Turabian Style
Kicel, Agnieszka; Michel, Piotr; Owczarek, Aleksandra; Marchelak, Anna; Żyżelewicz, Dorota; Budryn, Grażyna; Oracz, Joanna; Olszewska, Monika A. 2016. "Phenolic Profile and Antioxidant Potential of Leaves from Selected Cotoneaster Medik. Species." Molecules 21, no. 6: 688.
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