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Molecules 2016, 21(5), 645; doi:10.3390/molecules21050645

Finding and Producing Probiotic Glycosylases for the Biocatalysis of Ginsenosides: A Mini Review

Laboratory of Renewable Resources Engineering, Department of Agricultural and Biological Engineering, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907-2022, USA
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 18 April 2016 / Revised: 11 May 2016 / Accepted: 12 May 2016 / Published: 16 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Bioorganic Chemistry)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [609 KB, uploaded 16 May 2016]   |  

Abstract

Various microorganisms have been widely applied in nutraceutical industries for the processing of phytochemical conversion. Specifically, in the Asian food industry and academia, notable attention is paid to the biocatalytic process of ginsenosides (ginseng saponins) using probiotic bacteria that produce high levels of glycosyl-hydrolases. Multiple groups have conducted experiments in order to determine the best conditions to produce more active and stable enzymes, which can be applicable to produce diverse types of ginsenosides for commercial applications. In this sense, there are various reviews that cover the biofunctional effects of multiple types of ginsenosides and the pathways of ginsenoside deglycosylation. However, little work has been published on the production methods of probiotic enzymes, which is a critical component of ginsenoside processing. This review aims to investigate current preparation methods, results on the discovery of new glycosylases, the application potential of probiotic enzymes and their use for biocatalysis of ginsenosides in the nutraceutical industry. View Full-Text
Keywords: ginsenoside; probiotics; enzyme conversion; biocatalysis; whole cell conversion; enzyme preparation ginsenoside; probiotics; enzyme conversion; biocatalysis; whole cell conversion; enzyme preparation
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Ku, S. Finding and Producing Probiotic Glycosylases for the Biocatalysis of Ginsenosides: A Mini Review. Molecules 2016, 21, 645.

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