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Molecules 2016, 21(3), 253; doi:10.3390/molecules21030253

Heterogeneous Phase Microwave-Assisted Reactions under CO2 or CO Pressure

Dipartimento di Scienza e Tecnologia del Farmaco and NIS—Centre for Nanostructured Interfaces and Surfaces, University of Turin, Via P. Giuria 9, Turin 10125, Italy
Milestone srl, Via Fatebenefratelli, 1-5, Sorisole 24010, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Marilena Radoiu and Jean Jacques Vanden Eynde
Received: 31 December 2015 / Revised: 6 February 2016 / Accepted: 17 February 2016 / Published: 24 February 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microwave-Assisted Organic Synthesis)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2391 KB, uploaded 24 February 2016]   |  


The present review deals with the recent achievements and impressive potential applications of microwave (MW) heating to promote heterogeneous reactions under gas pressure. The high versatility of the latest generation of professional reactors combines extreme reaction conditions with safer and more efficient protocols. The double aims of this survey are to provide a panoramic snapshot of MW-assisted organic reactions with gaseous reagents, in particular CO and CO2, and outline future applications. Stubborn and time-consuming carbonylation-like heterogeneous reactions, which have not yet been studied under dielectric heating, may well find an outstanding ally in the present protocol. View Full-Text
Keywords: microwave-assisted organic reactions; heterogeneous phase; gas pressure; CO carbonylation; CO2 insertion microwave-assisted organic reactions; heterogeneous phase; gas pressure; CO carbonylation; CO2 insertion

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Calcio Gaudino, E.; Rinaldi, L.; Rotolo, L.; Carnaroglio, D.; Pirola, C.; Cravotto, G. Heterogeneous Phase Microwave-Assisted Reactions under CO2 or CO Pressure. Molecules 2016, 21, 253.

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