Pharmacological Properties of Riparin IV in Models of Pain and Inflammation
AbstractRiparins, natural alkaloids of the alkamide group, can be synthesized by simple methods, enhancing their potential application in pharmaceutical development. Here, the pharmacological properties of riparins were investigated in in vitro and in vivo assays of pain and inflammation in Swiss mice. Inflammatory mediators were measured by radioimmunoassay and Real-Time PCR. Riparins I, II, III and IV (1.56–100 mg/kg; ip) produced dose-related antinociceptive effects in the formalin test, exhibiting ED50 values of 22.93, 114.2, 31.05 and 6.63 mg/kg, respectively. Taking the greater potency as steering parameter, riparin IV was further investigated. Riparin IV did not produce antinociceptive effect on the tail flick, suggesting that its antinociception is not a centrally-mediated action. In fact, riparin IV (1.56–25 mg/kg) produced dose-related antinociceptive and antiedematogenic effects on the complete Freund’s adjuvant (CFA)-induced paw inflammation in mice. During CFA-induced inflammation, riparin IV did not modulate either the production of cytokines, TNF-α and IL-10, or COX-2 mRNA expression. On the other hand, riparin IV decreased the PGE2 levels in the inflamed paw. In in vitro assays, riparin IV did not exhibit suppressive activities in activated macrophages. These results indicate, for the first time, that riparin IV induces antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory effects, possibly through the inhibition of prostanoid production. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Nascimento, O.A.; Espírito-Santo, R.F.; Opretzka, L.C.F.; Barbosa-Filho, J.M.; Gutierrez, S.J.C.; Villarreal, C.F.; Soares, M.B.P. Pharmacological Properties of Riparin IV in Models of Pain and Inflammation. Molecules 2016, 21, 1757.
Nascimento OA, Espírito-Santo RF, Opretzka LCF, Barbosa-Filho JM, Gutierrez SJC, Villarreal CF, Soares MBP. Pharmacological Properties of Riparin IV in Models of Pain and Inflammation. Molecules. 2016; 21(12):1757.Chicago/Turabian Style
Nascimento, Olívia A.; Espírito-Santo, Renan F.; Opretzka, Luíza C.F.; Barbosa-Filho, José M.; Gutierrez, Stanley J.C.; Villarreal, Cristiane F.; Soares, Milena B.P. 2016. "Pharmacological Properties of Riparin IV in Models of Pain and Inflammation." Molecules 21, no. 12: 1757.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.