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Molecules 2016, 21(12), 1663; doi:10.3390/molecules21121663

Motion of Adsorbed Nano-Particles on Azobenzene Containing Polymer Films

1
Department of Experimental Physics, Institute of Physics and Astronomy, University of Potsdam, 14476 Potsdam, Germany
2
Nanostructured Materials Laboratory, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA
3
Gheorghe Asachi Technical University of Iasi, Department of Natural and Synthetic Polymers, Prof. Dimitrie Mangeron Street, 73, 700050 Iasi, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Haifeng Yu, Arri Priimägi and Xiaogong Wang
Received: 23 September 2016 / Revised: 25 October 2016 / Accepted: 18 November 2016 / Published: 3 December 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Photoresponsive Polymers)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3619 KB, uploaded 3 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

We demonstrate in situ recorded motion of nano-objects adsorbed on a photosensitive polymer film. The motion is induced by a mass transport of the underlying photoresponsive polymer material occurring during irradiation with interference pattern. The polymer film contains azobenzene molecules that undergo reversible photoisomerization reaction from trans- to cis-conformation. Through a multi-scale chain of physico-chemical processes, this finally results in the macro-deformations of the film due to the changing elastic properties of polymer. The topographical deformation of the polymer surface is sensitive to a local distribution of the electrical field vector that allows for the generation of dynamic changes in the surface topography during irradiation with different light interference patterns. Polymer film deformation together with the motion of the adsorbed nano-particles are recorded using a homemade set-up combining an optical part for the generation of interference patterns and an atomic force microscope for acquiring the surface deformation. The particles undergo either translational or rotational motion. The direction of particle motion is towards the topography minima and opposite to the mass transport within the polymer film. The ability to relocate particles by photo-induced dynamic topography fluctuation offers a way for a non-contact simultaneous manipulation of a large number of adsorbed particles just in air at ambient conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: motion of adsorbed nano-particles; azobenzene containing polymer films; fluctuating surfaces motion of adsorbed nano-particles; azobenzene containing polymer films; fluctuating surfaces
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Loebner, S.; Jelken, J.; Yadavalli, N.S.; Sava, E.; Hurduc, N.; Santer, S. Motion of Adsorbed Nano-Particles on Azobenzene Containing Polymer Films. Molecules 2016, 21, 1663.

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