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Molecules 2016, 21(12), 1652; doi:10.3390/molecules21121652

Multi-Residue Analysis of Pesticide Residues in Crude Pollens by UPLC-MS/MS

1
School of Plant Protection, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China
2
Hefei Testing and Inspection Center for Agricultural Products Quality, Hefei 230601, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 6 November 2016 / Revised: 24 November 2016 / Accepted: 24 November 2016 / Published: 1 December 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [642 KB, uploaded 1 December 2016]   |  

Abstract

A multi-residue method for the determination of 54 pesticide residues in pollens has been developed and validated. The proposed method was applied to the analysis of 48 crude pollen samples collected from eight provinces of China. The recovery of analytes ranged from 60% to 136% with relative standard deviations (RSDs) below 30%. Of the 54 targeted compounds, 19 pesticides were detected. The major detection rates of each compound were 77.1% for carbendazim, 58.3% for fenpropathrin, 56.3% for chlorpyrifos, 50.0% for fluvalinate, 31.3% for chlorbenzuron, and 29.2% for triadimefon in crude pollen samples. The maximum values of each pesticide were 4516 ng/g for carbendazim, 162.8 ng/g for fenpropathrin, 176.6 ng/g for chlorpyrifos, 316.2 ng/g for fluvalinate, 437.2 ng/g for chlorbenzuron, 79.00 ng/g for triadimefon, and so on. This study provides basis for the research on the risks to honeybee health. View Full-Text
Keywords: pollen; multi-residue; pesticide; UPLC-MS/MS pollen; multi-residue; pesticide; UPLC-MS/MS
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tong, Z.; Wu, Y.-C.; Liu, Q.-Q.; Shi, Y.-H.; Zhou, L.-J.; Liu, Z.-Y.; Yu, L.-S.; Cao, H.-Q. Multi-Residue Analysis of Pesticide Residues in Crude Pollens by UPLC-MS/MS. Molecules 2016, 21, 1652.

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