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Molecules 2016, 21(11), 1410; doi:10.3390/molecules21111410

The Role of Concentration and Solvent Character in the Molecular Organization of Humic Acids

Materials Research Centre, Faculty of Chemistry, Brno University of Technology, Purkyňova 118/464, Brno 612 00, Czech Republic
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Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 19 July 2016 / Revised: 14 October 2016 / Accepted: 19 October 2016 / Published: 27 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract

The molecular organization of humic acids in different aqueous solutions was studied over a wide concentration range (0.01–10 g·dm−3). Solutions of humic acids were prepared in three different media: NaOH, NaCl, and NaOH neutralized by HCl after dissolution of the humic sample. Potentiometry, conductometry, densitometry, and high resolution ultrasound spectrometry were used in order to investigate conformational changes in the humic systems. The molecular organization of humic acids in the studied systems could be divided into three concentration ranges. The rearrangements were observed at concentrations of ~0.02 g·dm−3 and ~1 g·dm−3. The first “switch-over point” was connected with changes in the hydration shells of humic particles resulting in changes in their elasticity. The compressibility of water in the hydration shells is less than the compressibility of bulk water. The transfer of hydration water into bulk water increased the total compressibility of the solution, reducing the ultrasonic velocity. The aggregation of humic particles and the formation of rigid structures in systems with concentrations higher than 1 g·dm−3 was detected. View Full-Text
Keywords: humic acid; molecular organization; conformation; aggregation; ultrasound spectrometry humic acid; molecular organization; conformation; aggregation; ultrasound spectrometry
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Klučáková, M.; Věžníková, K. The Role of Concentration and Solvent Character in the Molecular Organization of Humic Acids. Molecules 2016, 21, 1410.

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