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Molecules 2015, 20(6), 10748-10762; doi:10.3390/molecules200610748

Oxidation of Disulfides to Thiolsulfinates with Hydrogen Peroxide and a Cyclic Seleninate Ester Catalyst

Department of Chemistry, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4, Canada
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Derek J. McPhee
Received: 24 May 2015 / Revised: 3 June 2015 / Accepted: 4 June 2015 / Published: 11 June 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Selenium Catalysts and Antioxidants)
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Abstract

Cyclic seleninate esters function as mimetics of the antioxidant selenoenzyme glutathione peroxidase. They catalyze the reduction of harmful peroxides with thiols, which are converted to disulfides in the process. The possibility that the seleninate esters could also catalyze the further oxidation of disulfides to thiolsulfinates and other overoxidation products under these conditions was investigated. This has ramifications in potential medicinal applications of seleninate esters because of the possibility of catalyzing the unwanted oxidation of disulfide-containing spectator peptides and proteins. A variety of aryl and alkyl disulfides underwent facile oxidation with hydrogen peroxide in the presence of catalytic benzo-1,2-oxaselenolane Se-oxide affording the corresponding thiolsulfinates as the principal products. Unsymmetrical disulfides typically afforded mixtures of regioisomers. Lipoic acid and N,N-dibenzoylcystine dimethyl ester were oxidized readily under similar conditions. Although isolated yields of the product thiolsulfinates were generally modest, these experiments demonstrate that the method nevertheless has preparative value because of its mild conditions. The results also confirm the possibility that cyclic seleninate esters could catalyze the further undesired oxidation of disulfides in vivo. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyclic seleninate esters; thiolsulfinates; disulfides; organoselenium redox catalysts; glutathione peroxide mimetics cyclic seleninate esters; thiolsulfinates; disulfides; organoselenium redox catalysts; glutathione peroxide mimetics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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McNeil, N.M.R.; McDonnell, C.; Hambrook, M.; Back, T.G. Oxidation of Disulfides to Thiolsulfinates with Hydrogen Peroxide and a Cyclic Seleninate Ester Catalyst. Molecules 2015, 20, 10748-10762.

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