Cellular Structural Changes in Candida albicans Caused by the Hydroalcoholic Extract from Sapindus saponaria L.
AbstractVulvovaginal candidiasis (VVC) is a disease caused by the abnormal growth of yeast-like fungi in the mucosa of the female genital tract. Candida albicans is the principal etiological agent involved in VVC, but reports have shown an increase in the prevalence of Candida non-C. albicans (CNCA) cases, which complicates VVC treatment because CNCA does not respond well to antifungal therapy. Our group has reported the in vitro antifungal activity of extracts from Sapindus saponaria L. The present study used scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron microscopy to further evaluate the antifungal activity of hydroalcoholic extract from S. saponaria (HE) against yeast obtained from VVC and structural changes induced by HE. We observed the antifungal activity of HE against 125 vaginal yeasts that belonged to four different species of the Candida genus and S. cerevisae. The results suggest that saponins that are present in HE act on the cell wall or membrane of yeast at the first moments after contact, causing damage to these structures and cell lysis.
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Shinobu-Mesquita, C.S.; Bonfim-Mendonça, P.S.; Moreira, A.L.; Ferreira, I.C.P.; Donatti, L.; Fiorini, A.; Svidzinski, T.I.E. Cellular Structural Changes in Candida albicans Caused by the Hydroalcoholic Extract from Sapindus saponaria L.. Molecules 2015, 20, 9405-9418.
Shinobu-Mesquita CS, Bonfim-Mendonça PS, Moreira AL, Ferreira ICP, Donatti L, Fiorini A, Svidzinski TIE. Cellular Structural Changes in Candida albicans Caused by the Hydroalcoholic Extract from Sapindus saponaria L.. Molecules. 2015; 20(5):9405-9418.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shinobu-Mesquita, Cristiane S.; Bonfim-Mendonça, Patricia S.; Moreira, Amanda L.; Ferreira, Izabel C.P.; Donatti, Lucelia; Fiorini, Adriana; Svidzinski, Terezinha I.E. 2015. "Cellular Structural Changes in Candida albicans Caused by the Hydroalcoholic Extract from Sapindus saponaria L.." Molecules 20, no. 5: 9405-9418.