Effect of Gedunin on Acute Articular Inflammation and Hypernociception in Mice
AbstractGedunin, a natural limonoid from Meliaceae species, has been previously described as an antiinflammatory compound in experimental models of allergic inflammation. Here, we report the antiinflammatory and antinociceptive effects of gedunin in an acute model of articular inflammation induced by zymosan (500 μg/cavity; intra-articular) in C57BL/6 mice. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) pretreatment with gedunin (0.005–5 mg/kg) impaired zymosan-induced edema formation, neutrophil accumulation and hypernociception in mouse knee joints, due to decreased expression of preproET-1 mRNA and production of LTB4, PGE2, TNF-α and IL-6. Mouse post-treatment with gedunin (0.05 mg/kg; i.p.) 1 and 6 h after stimulation also impaired articular inflammation, by reverting edema formation, neutrophil accumulation and the production of lipid mediators, cytokines and endothelin. In addition, gedunin directly modulated the functions of neutrophils and macrophages in vitro. The pre-incubation of neutrophil with gedunin (100 µM) impaired shape change, adhesion to endothelial cells, chemotaxis and lipid body formation triggered by different stimuli. Macrophage pretreatment with gedunin impaired intracellular calcium mobilization, nitric oxide production, inducible nitric oxide synthase expression and induced the expression of the antiinflammatory chaperone heat shock protein 70. Our results demonstrate that gedunin presents remarkable antiinflammatory and anti-nociceptive effects on zymosan-induced inflamed knee joints, modulating different cell populations. View Full-Text
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Conte, F.P.; Ferraris, F.K.; Costa, T.E.M.M.; Pacheco, P.; Seito, L.N.; Verri, W.A., Jr.; Cunha, F.Q.; Penido, C.; Henriques, M.G. Effect of Gedunin on Acute Articular Inflammation and Hypernociception in Mice. Molecules 2015, 20, 2636-2657.
Conte FP, Ferraris FK, Costa TEMM, Pacheco P, Seito LN, Verri WA, Jr, Cunha FQ, Penido C, Henriques MG. Effect of Gedunin on Acute Articular Inflammation and Hypernociception in Mice. Molecules. 2015; 20(2):2636-2657.Chicago/Turabian Style
Conte, Fernando P.; Ferraris, Fausto K.; Costa, Thadeu E.M.M.; Pacheco, Patricia; Seito, Leonardo N.; Verri, Waldiceu A., Jr.; Cunha, Fernando Q.; Penido, Carmen; Henriques, Maria G. 2015. "Effect of Gedunin on Acute Articular Inflammation and Hypernociception in Mice." Molecules 20, no. 2: 2636-2657.