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Molecules 2014, 19(9), 14066-14079; doi:10.3390/molecules190914066

Inclusion and Functionalization of Polymers with Cyclodextrins: Current Applications and Future Prospects

1
Departamento de Química Orgánica y Fisicoquímica, Universidad de Chile, Sergio Livingstone 1007, P.O. Box 233, Independencia, Santiago 8380492, Chile
2
Departamento de Química Inorgánica y Analítica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas y Farmacéuticas, Universidad de Chile, Casilla 233, Santiago 8380492, Chile
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 18 July 2014 / Revised: 27 August 2014 / Accepted: 2 September 2014 / Published: 9 September 2014
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Abstract

The numerous hydroxyl groups available in cyclodextrins are active sites that can form different types of linkages. They can be crosslinked with one another, or they can be derivatized to produce monomers that can form linear or branched networks. Moreover, they can form inclusion complexes with polymers and different substrates, modifying their physicochemical properties. This review shows the different applications using polymers with cyclodextrins, either by forming inclusion complexes, ternary complexes, networks, or molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs). On one hand, the use of cyclodextrins enhances the properties of each polymer, and on the other the use of polymers decreases the amount of cyclodextrins required in different formulations. Both cyclodextrins and polymers contribute synergistically in several applications such as pharmacological, nutritional, environmental, and other industrial fields. The use of polymers based on cyclodextrins is a low cost easy to use potential tool with great future prospects. View Full-Text
Keywords: cyclodextrins; inclusion complexes; molecularly imprinted polymers; polymers; ternary complexes cyclodextrins; inclusion complexes; molecularly imprinted polymers; polymers; ternary complexes
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Folch-Cano, C.; Yazdani-Pedram, M.; Olea-Azar, C. Inclusion and Functionalization of Polymers with Cyclodextrins: Current Applications and Future Prospects. Molecules 2014, 19, 14066-14079.

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