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Molecules 2014, 19(6), 8556-8570; doi:10.3390/molecules19068556

Mycelium-Bound Lipase from a Locally Isolated Strain of Geotrichum candidum

1
Department of Food Science, Faculty of Food Science and Technology, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia
2
Department of Bioprocess Technology, Faculty of Biotechnology and Biomolecular Sciences, University Putra Malaysia, 43400 Serdang, Malaysia
3
Biotechnology Division, Malaysia Agricultural Research and Development Institute, P.O. Box 12301, 50774 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 April 2014 / Revised: 29 May 2014 / Accepted: 10 June 2014 / Published: 23 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Section Natural Products)
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Abstract

Mycelium-bound lipase (MBL), from a locally isolated Geotrichum candidum strain, was produced and characterized as a natural immobilized lipase. A time course study of its lipolytic activity in 1 L liquid broth revealed the maximum MBL activity at 4 h for mycelium cells harvested after 54 h. The yield and specific activity of MBL were 3.87 g/L dry weight and 508.33 U/g protein, respectively, while less than 0.2 U/mL lipase activity was detected in the culture supernatant. Prolonged incubation caused release of the bound lipase into the growth medium. The growth pattern of G. candidum, and production and properties of MBL were not affected by the scale. The stability of mycelia harboring lipase (MBL), harvested and lyophilized after 54 h, studied at 4 °C depicted a loss of 4.3% and 30% in MBL activity after 1 and 8 months, while the activity of free lipase was totally lost after 14 days of storage. The MBL from G. candidum displayed high substrate selectivity for unsaturated fatty acids containing a cis-9 double bond, even in crude form. This unique specificity of MBL could be a direct, simple and inexpensive way in the fats and oil industry for the selective hydrolysis or transesterification of cis-9 fatty acid residues in natural triacylglycerols. View Full-Text
Keywords: mycelium-bound lipase; lipolytic activity; substrate selectivity; Geotrichum candidum mycelium-bound lipase; lipolytic activity; substrate selectivity; Geotrichum candidum
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Loo, J.L.; Khoramnia, A.; Lai, O.M.; Long, K.; Ghazali, H.M. Mycelium-Bound Lipase from a Locally Isolated Strain of Geotrichum candidum. Molecules 2014, 19, 8556-8570.

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