Next Article in Journal
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Molecules 2014, 19(6), 8402-8413; doi:10.3390/molecules19068402
Article

Palladium Catalyzed Heck Arylation of 2,3-Dihydrofuran—Effect of the Palladium Precursor

1, 1,*  and 2
Received: 26 May 2014; in revised form: 10 June 2014 / Accepted: 12 June 2014 / Published: 19 June 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Palladium Catalysts)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [502 KB, uploaded 19 June 2014]
Abstract: Heck arylation of 2,3-dihydrofuran with iodobenzene was carried out in systems consisting of different palladium precursors (Pd2(dba)3, Pd(acac)2, PdCl2(cod), [PdCl(allyl)]2, PdCl2(PhCN)2, PdCl2(PPh3)2) and ionic liquids (CILs) with L-prolinate or L-lactate anions. All the tested CILs caused remarkable increases of the conversion values and in all of the reactions 2-phenyl-2,3-dihydrofuran (3) was obtained as the main product with a yield of up to 59.2%. The highest conversions of iodobenzene were achieved for the [PdCl(allyl)]2 precursor. Formation of Pd(0) nanoparticles, representing the resting state of the catalyst, was evidenced by TEM.
Keywords: palladium; Heck coupling; ionic liquids; nanoparticles palladium; Heck coupling; ionic liquids; nanoparticles
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Morel, A.; Trzeciak, A.M.; Pernak, J. Palladium Catalyzed Heck Arylation of 2,3-Dihydrofuran—Effect of the Palladium Precursor. Molecules 2014, 19, 8402-8413.

AMA Style

Morel A, Trzeciak AM, Pernak J. Palladium Catalyzed Heck Arylation of 2,3-Dihydrofuran—Effect of the Palladium Precursor. Molecules. 2014; 19(6):8402-8413.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Morel, Adam; Trzeciak, Anna M.; Pernak, Juliusz. 2014. "Palladium Catalyzed Heck Arylation of 2,3-Dihydrofuran—Effect of the Palladium Precursor." Molecules 19, no. 6: 8402-8413.



Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert