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Molecules 2014, 19(6), 8317-8333; doi:10.3390/molecules19068317

Xanthenedione Derivatives, New Promising Antioxidant and Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor Agents

1
DCTD, University of Azores, Rua Mãe de Deus, Ponta Delgada 9501-801, Portugal
2
Department of Chemistry & QOPNA, University of Aveiro, Campus de Santiago, Aveiro 3810-193, Portugal
3
CIRN, University of Azores, Ponta Delgada 9501-801, Portugal
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 May 2014 / Revised: 8 June 2014 / Accepted: 11 June 2014 / Published: 19 June 2014
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Abstract

Natural and synthetic xanthone derivatives are well-known for their ability to act as antioxidants and/or enzyme inhibitors. This paper aims to present a successful synthetic methodology towards xanthenedione derivatives and the study of their aromatization to xanthones. Additionally their ability to reduce Fe(III), to scavenge DPPH radicals and to inhibit AChE was evaluated. The results demonstrated that xanthenedione derivative 5e, bearing a catechol unit, showed higher reduction capacity than BHT and similar to quercetin, strong DPPH scavenging activity (EC50 = 3.79 ± 0.06 µM) and it was also showed to be a potent AChEI (IC50 = 31.0 ± 0.09 µM) when compared to galantamine (IC50 = 211.8 ± 9.5 µM). View Full-Text
Keywords: xanthene-1,9(2H)-diones; scavenging activity; reduction power; acetylcholinesterase inhibitors; xanthones; 3-cinnamoyl-5-hydroxy-2-styrylchromones xanthene-1,9(2H)-diones; scavenging activity; reduction power; acetylcholinesterase inhibitors; xanthones; 3-cinnamoyl-5-hydroxy-2-styrylchromones
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Seca, A.M.L.; Leal, S.B.; Pinto, D.C.G.A.; Barreto, M.C.; Silva, A.M.S. Xanthenedione Derivatives, New Promising Antioxidant and Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor Agents. Molecules 2014, 19, 8317-8333.

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