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Molecules 2014, 19(6), 8238-8260; doi:10.3390/molecules19068238

Biological Activities and Phytochemical Profiles of Extracts from Different Parts of Bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens)

1
Department of Agro-environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University, 6-10-1 Hakozaki, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8581, Japan
2
Department of Biological and Environmental Chemistry, Kinki University, Kayanomori 11-6, Iizuka, Fukuoka, 820-8555, Japan
3
Fukuoka Prefecture Institute of Agricultural and Forest Resources, 1438-2, Toyota, Yamamoto-town, Kurume, Fukuoka, 839-0827, Japan
4
International College of Arts and Sciences, Fukuoka Women's University, Fukuoka 813-8529, Japan
5
Department of Materials Science and Chemical Engineering, Kitakyushu National College of Technology, 5-20-1 Shii, Kokuraminami-ku, Kitakyushu, Fukuoka, 802-0985, Japan
Authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 April 2014 / Revised: 16 May 2014 / Accepted: 23 May 2014 / Published: 18 June 2014
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Abstract

Besides being a useful building material, bamboo also is a potential source of bioactive substances. Although some studies have been performed to examine its use in terms of the biological activity, only certain parts of bamboo, especially the leaves or shoots, have been studied. Comprehensive and comparative studies among different parts of bamboo would contribute to a better understanding and application of this knowledge. In this study, the biological activities of ethanol and water extracts from the leaves, branches, outer culm, inner culm, knots, rhizomes and roots of Phyllostachys pubescens, the major species of bamboo in Japan, were comparatively evaluated. The phytochemical profiles of these extracts were tentatively determined by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS) analysis. The results showed that extracts from different parts of bamboo had different chemical compositions and different antioxidative, antibacterial and antiallergic activities, as well as on on melanin biosynthesis. Outer culm and inner culm were found to be the most important sources of active compounds. 8-C-Glucosylapigenin, luteolin derivatives and chlorogenic acid were the most probable compounds responsible for the anti-allergy activity of these bamboo extracts. Our study suggests the potential use of bamboo as a functional ingredient in cosmetics or other health-related products. View Full-Text
Keywords: Phyllostachys pubescens; cosmetics; anti-melanogenesis; antioxidation; antibacterial; anti-allergy; HPLC; LC-MS-IT-TOF Phyllostachys pubescens; cosmetics; anti-melanogenesis; antioxidation; antibacterial; anti-allergy; HPLC; LC-MS-IT-TOF
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Tanaka, A.; Zhu, Q.; Tan, H.; Horiba, H.; Ohnuki, K.; Mori, Y.; Yamauchi, R.; Ishikawa, H.; Iwamoto, A.; Kawahara, H.; Shimizu, K. Biological Activities and Phytochemical Profiles of Extracts from Different Parts of Bamboo (Phyllostachys pubescens). Molecules 2014, 19, 8238-8260.

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