Sesamin Enhances Cholesterol Efflux in RAW264.7 Macrophages
AbstractFoam cells formation as a result of the uncontrolled cytophagy of modified cholesterol by macrophages plays a key role in the occurrence and development of atherosclerosis. Sesamin is an active constituent of Sesamum indicum which has been shown to possess multiple pharmacological activities. In this work, we investigated the effects of sesamin on foam cell formation and cholesterol efflux in RAW264.7 macrophages. Sesamin dose-dependently inhibited the enhanced cholesterol accumulation elicited by oxidized low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (oxLDL) in RAW264.7 cells. Treatment with sesamin (10 μM) significantly enhanced cholesterol efflux mediated by high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Realtime quantitative PCR and luciferase assays showed that sesamin significantly increased the mRNA levels of PPARγ, LXRα, and ABCG1, and increased the transcriptional activity of PPARγ. The stimulating effect of sesamin on cholesterol efflux was substantially inhibited by the co-treatment with GW9662, a potent inhibitor of PPARγ. These results suggest that sesamin is a new inhibitor of foam cell formation that may stimulate cholesterol efflux through upregulation of the PPARγ-LXRα-ABCG1 pathway.
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Liu, N.; Wu, C.; Sun, L.; Zheng, J.; Guo, P. Sesamin Enhances Cholesterol Efflux in RAW264.7 Macrophages. Molecules 2014, 19, 7516-7527.
Liu N, Wu C, Sun L, Zheng J, Guo P. Sesamin Enhances Cholesterol Efflux in RAW264.7 Macrophages. Molecules. 2014; 19(6):7516-7527.Chicago/Turabian Style
Liu, Nan; Wu, Chongming; Sun, Lizhong; Zheng, Jun; Guo, Peng. 2014. "Sesamin Enhances Cholesterol Efflux in RAW264.7 Macrophages." Molecules 19, no. 6: 7516-7527.