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Molecules 2014, 19(5), 6382-6392; doi:10.3390/molecules19056382
Article

60Co-γ Irradiation Affects the Enzymatic Antioxidant System of the Citrus Red Mite Panonychus citri (Acari: Tetranychidae)

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Received: 25 February 2014; in revised form: 6 May 2014 / Accepted: 9 May 2014 / Published: 19 May 2014
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Abstract: Radio-(60Co), which emits γ rays, has been used worldwide in pest control. The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of effective-low-power 60Co-γ irradiation on the enzymatic antioxidant system of the citrus red mite Panonychus citri. One day old female adults were exposed to 0.4 kGy 60Co-γ irradiation and on the, 6th h, 1st day, 2nd day, and 5th day post treatment, the mites were euthanized for biochemical analysis. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), phenoloxidase (PO) and acetylocholinesterase (AchE) were investigated. POD and CAT activities, as well as SOD were higher in the irradiated mites. We found that exposure to 60Co-γ radiation resulted in increased activities of SOD, CAT, POD and decreased AchE activity. When the recovery time lasted till the 5th day, the activities of POD and PO were significantly lower than the control, whereas the SOD, CAT and AchE activities returned to control levels. Cells possess protein repair pathways to rescue oxidized proteins and restore their functions, but if these repair processes fail, oxidized proteins may become cytotoxic. Our results confirm the hypothesis that low dosages of 60Co-γ irradiation increase the level of oxidative stress in P. citri adults in a short time, causing meanwhile damage and sterility. The results of this study also indicate that stress caused by exposure to irradiation could inhibit the cholinergic system in P. citri.
Keywords: 60Co-γ irradiation; antioxidant enzymes; Panonychus citri 60Co-γ irradiation; antioxidant enzymes; Panonychus citri
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, K.; Li, Z.; Zhu, S.; Weng, Q. 60Co-γ Irradiation Affects the Enzymatic Antioxidant System of the Citrus Red Mite Panonychus citri (Acari: Tetranychidae). Molecules 2014, 19, 6382-6392.

AMA Style

Zhang K, Li Z, Zhu S, Weng Q. 60Co-γ Irradiation Affects the Enzymatic Antioxidant System of the Citrus Red Mite Panonychus citri (Acari: Tetranychidae). Molecules. 2014; 19(5):6382-6392.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Ke; Li, Zhibin; Zhu, Shaowen; Weng, Qunfang. 2014. "60Co-γ Irradiation Affects the Enzymatic Antioxidant System of the Citrus Red Mite Panonychus citri (Acari: Tetranychidae)." Molecules 19, no. 5: 6382-6392.



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